Iraq

By: Olivia Van Meter and Rylee Sloss

In 1534, Iraq was part of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans were a Sunni Muslim tribe. Therefore, they only installed Sunni Muslim leaders.
Britain asked the Mamluks to establish a trading post in Basara. This marked the beginning of British influence in Iraq. This led to the British denomination of Iraq.
In 1920, Britain created the state of Iraq. Later, in 1920 the great Iraqi Revolution against Britain takes place.
Baghdad became flooded in 1831, and was afflicted by the Bubonic Plague. During this time, the Ottoman Empire gained their control once again. The government was still unstable because Iraq resisted their rule.
The Ottomans failed to exert administrative control over any of Iraq, giving rise to Arab tribal confederations in Southern and Central Iraq.
The Kurdish tribes essentially ruled Northern Iraq. Ottoman control was further undermined by frequent Safavid raids along its eastern borders with Persia, and Arab raids along its southern borders with Arabia.
As a result, Iraq fell into disrepair, suffering from constant warfare, which led to disease outbreaks and economic break down.
Early Ottoman rule in Iraq continued along the same path of regression witnessed during the Mongol era, as advanced urbanization gave way to fragmented, tribalistic organization.
In 1932, Iraq becomes independent. It didn't last for long, though. In 1958, the monarchy is overthrown, and it is declared a republic.
In 1980, the Iraq - Iran war begins.
Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990. This is known as the first Gulf War. The leader, Saddam Hussein was who ordered the invasion.
Hearing of the invasion, Saudi Arabia and Egypt called to the United States for assistance. As a result, the United States led an invasion to Iraq, destroying Saddam Hussein's government.
Jalal Talabani was the first president of Iraq.
In 1995, they announced that they have a biological weapon program.
In 2004 President George W. Bush released an investigation to study the information about Iraq possessing weapons of mass destruction. After almost 2 years worth of research, the U.S. inspectors end their search of mass destruction in Iraq.
Kurdish forces and Yazidi fighters begin offensive against Islamic State . Their forces were bolstered be heavy American airstrikes against ISIS.
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