The Visual Arts

Works of art and architecture I would like to see in person. By: Kati Ficarra

The Last Supper was painted by Leanardo de Vinci between the years 1945 - 1948 during the Italian renaissance. It is located at the Santa Maria Delle Grazie Museum in Milano, Italy. Leanardo was trying to to create the best image of the last supper Jesus had with his 12 disciples when he was to announce that one of them would betray him. He used the line element to give focus to Jesus and also used symmetrical balance as you can see the disciples are grouped into three's. He started with a type of plaster on the wall at first that was supposed to protect from moisture; then he painted with tempura and oil on top. The combination was found not to be durable as there is little of the painting left today.
The Colosseum in Roma, Italy started construction in 70 AD. The architects were Titus, Vespasian, and Domitian. The invention of concrete was just introduced. Thus, them using a mixture of stone, concrete, and bricks. It is the largest colosseum built holding 80,000 Romans. It is symmetrically balanced by using a repetitive pattern of arch-shaped in regular rhythms; it also added more light to the arena. They also used a Greek style of columns on the walls of the arches that served no structural purpose but was merely aesthetic.
The Seville Cathedral started construction in 1402 and finished 1506 with many reconstructions in between and after. It is located in Seville, Spain, and the architect is Juan De Castillo. It is the third-largest church in the world and the largest Gothic Cathedral in the world. One element of the cathedral is the La Giralda that was taken from the former mosque that was built on the site, that became the bell tower. It has many facades; on the west side is the Door of Baptism, on the north side is the Door of Forgiveness, and on the east side if the Door of Bells.
Located in Milano, Italy, construction began in 1386 and was completed in 1965. It has a Gothic style to it with all the pillars on top and the statues of the 96 gargoyles surrounding the building. Gian Galeazzo decided to use Candoglia marble which brought European Gothic style architects, sculptors, and stone cutters to fabricate the building. They also used Serizzo that is a type of Granite. The layout for the Duomo is in the form of a Latin Cross.
The Parthenon resides in Athens Greece, and construction started 447 BC. It is not known if it was ever finished due to attacks from the Persians. It was built with Limestone, and the columns were made of Pentelic Marble. It is a temple of the Doric order, eight columns of the facade and seventeen columns at the flanks. The Parthenon was built to shelter the statue of Athena.
The Rievaulx Abbey is located in North Yorkshire, England. It was built in a Gothic style, and 12 monks found it in 1132. It was built with wood that was temporary; finally by the 19th century minor repairs started to preserve the structure. It was designed on a North and South line instead of the traditional East and West line.
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