Esther's Research on Colonial America Art and Culture

Arts of Colonial America

Powder horns were used to carry gunpowder. It is made out of a cow's or ox's horn. They make the perfect material because they are naturally waterproof and hollow inside. Bibliography: "Crazy Crow Trading Post Craft Kits & Supplies." CrazyCrowTradingPost. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2016.
Quill pens were used to write. It was made out of a bird's feather. The bird's feather was dried and the tip was cut to form a writing edge. The quill pen was dipped in ink which was made out of local plants or soot. Bibliography: "The Quill Pen." Home Page of History.org : The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation's Official History and Citizenship Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2016. "Colonial Writing Tools." EHow. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2016.
Rag dolls were made out of leftover scraps of fabric. The rag dolls hair was made out of leftover lace or string. The face was usually painted, embroidered, or left blank. The rag dolls played a major roll in a children's young life. Bibliography: " History." Handmade Old Fashioned Rag Dolls. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
Paper dolls were two-dimensional figures drawn or printed on a piece of paper. They were played by children. The children would put paper clothes on them. It was one of the most famous toys. Bibliography: "The History of Paper Dolls." The History of Paper Dolls. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2016.
Political cartoons were used to poke out the fun at and bring attention to affairs that affected people. Political cartoons were cartoons that made a point about a political event or issue. Bibliography: "The American Revolution for Kids Political Cartoons." MrDonn.org K-12 Social Studies and Social Sciences for Kids and Teachers. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2016.
Horn books were the first reading books that were used in school. For the student's first lesson they would write the ABC's on a piece of parchment. That piece of parchment was laid on a wooden board with a handle. Since paper and parchment was rare, they flattened a cow's horn to protect it. They put it in cold water for a few weeks to separate the horn from the bone. Then they heated it and pressed it down to make it thick and transparent. Bibliography: "History of the Hornbook." American Hornbooks. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2016.
Cannons were made out of bronze or iron. Cannons were weapons that was used in the Revolutionary War. It was mounted on wheels and gunpowder or any explosive powder was used to launch a heated cannon ball. Even if it takes at least 14 men to operate it, it can go as far as hundreds of yards and hit dozens of enemies. Bibliography: "Weapons of the Revolutionary War - Cannons." Colonial America. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2016. United States. National Park Service. "Revolutionary War Artillery." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2016.
When lottery tickets were sold, one of the ticket directors signed and cut it along the left side of the design area. They purposely made an indent because the indent would fit perfectly of the ticket stub the ticket director kept. This prevented false tickets or alternating the number of loosing tickets. The ticket directors would draw the winning tickets and the winner was to be paid within 40 days. 20% of the winning was collected as tax, but the 80% was given to the winner. Bibliography: "Colonial American Lotteries." Ephemera Society of America. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 May 2016.
The fife was a type of instrument. The fife was used on the battle field. It was a signal instrument, which meant that the fife was used to play a certain type of tune relaying on the commander's orders to the soldiers. It was made out of brass and wood. Bibliography: "The Instruments." Home Page of History.org : The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation's Official History and Citizenship Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2016.
Pomanders spread a sweet aroma. Pomanders were often placed in baskets or cupboards in homes to hide bad cooking odor. Some women would put a pomander in their handkerchief when they were traveling to smell the aroma instead of the bad street stench. They were made out of fruit (like apples and oranges), cloves, and cinnamon. Bibliography: "Activities with Puritans and New England Colonies." Book Units Teacher. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2016.
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