Discrimination of women

The Discrimination of Women is a theme that is portrayed heavily in both Antigone by Sophocles and the Introductory Lectures On Psycho-Analysis by Sigmund Freud. While many examples exist throughout the works, the discrimination is clear through women's unequal rights, absence of power, and sexist gender roles. In both freud and Sophocles works, a woman's freedom and needs are held to a lower standard than a mans. In both works they are Mocked and it is suggested that they are less valued than a man. They are viewed as sex objects and domestic; they are all similar and easily replaceable. Explore how these two books demonstrate the common theme of discrimantion towards women through this gallery. 

The birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli, 1483 - 1485, From the collection of: Uffizi Gallery
This is a Visual representation of The lack of rights given to women. During this art period a women was only show naked in art if she was painted to as a god. Men were painted naked all the time. This can be found in Antigone on page 28, "They are women, and they must not be free to roam about." (Sophocles)
A.H.R.E.A, José Luis Cortés-Santander, 2012, From the collection of: Fundación Universidad de las Américas Puebla
The Mona Lisa represents how women did not have the freedom to pose how they wanted, and how the Mona Lisa broke these limitation of rights. This is similar to the time of setting of Antigone, where very little is known about women, they had no freedom of expression. (Cunningham-Bryant, Lecture)
Group Statue of Ka-nefer and His Family, c. 2465–2323 B.C., From the collection of: Kimbell Art Museum
This statue Represents the lack of power women have compared to men. You can see Ka-nefers wife is only the size of his shin. This idea is show in Antigone, "Never say that a woman bested us." (Sophocles 31) This shows the determination to keep women out of power.
Marie-Antoinette de Lorraine-Habsbourg, queen of France, and her children, Elisabeth Louise Vigée-Lebrun, 1787, From the collection of: Palace of Versailles
This painting demonstrates women's absence of power. While Marie-Antoinette was once the queen of France she quickly lost her power without support for her husband. This can be shown in Antigone, "Ismene: but no one is suited to him as well as she is. Creon: I loathe bad women. She's not for my son." (Sophocles 27)
American Gothic, Grant Wood (American, 1891-1942), 1930, From the collection of: The Art Institute of Chicago
This painting represents sexist gender roles. Grant wood portrayed the idea of gender roles by pairing the man with a pitchfork to represent labor and the women with plants to represent domesticity. This is similar to how Antigone is faced with the problem of whether or not to bury her brother. Funerary practices and burials were the responsibility and role of women in this time period(Cunningham-Bryant), so in a work of art or literature this is the dilemma she is faced with.
Sleeping Venus, Giorgione, 1508 - 1510, From the collection of: Old Masters Picture Gallery, Dresden State Art Museums
Another sexist gender role is the way women are viewed as weaker or more easy for a man to overpower. This is an example of the poses women were portrayed in in this time period. They were seen as passive and open, even somewhat suggestive. This is the same way freud describes women even at a young age. He refers to them as "passive" while a mans composure is described as "active" (Freud 406)
Washerwomen, Paul Gauguin, 1888, From the collection of: MoMA The Museum of Modern Art
This is another example of a sexist gender role where the woman is seen as domestic. The focus of this painting is said to be the background, not the women. This is parallel to Freud's view of proper sex relation, which is "man to man completion with a woman."(Cunningham-Bryant) In both the text and this work of art, women's needs, feelings, and desires are over-looked entirely.
Credits: All media
This user gallery has been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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