It's Called "Faith" for a Reason

"Three things are necessary for the salvation of man, to know what he ought to believe, to know what he ought to desire, and to know what he ought to do." –St. Thomas Aquinas                                                                                                          Theology is born from the scientific approach to spirituality. It is the ultimate development of religion which has transformed from simple beliefs to an object of research and speculation. The study of religious traditions and beliefs existed at least as far back as the Classical Greeks, who were known for their extremely rich mythology and religious culture. The importance of theology is seen through its incredible effect in world history. Religious disputes have killed an immeasurable amount of human beings and they continue to do so today. The Romans killed Christians because of their radical new beliefs which denied the existence of the Roman gods. Christians killed Jews, Muslims, and even other Christians over religious disputes. Conversely, the doubt that a deity even exists has been around just as long as the concept of religion. The absence of religious beliefs is known as atheism. Generally this means there is no higher absolute than humanity and this view has spawned a plethora of works that portray the hypocrisy of faith. In this exhibit I hope to show the different views on religion in a number of the readings we have discussed in class. 

Mesopotamia is well known for being the cradle of civilization. It is also known as the Fertile Crescent because of its lush location between two ancient rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates. The Fertile Crescent not only benefits from the rich soil and irrigation provided by the two rivers, but it also lies between three major landmasses: Africa, Asia, and Europe, meaning it has insects, plants and animals from all three sources. This gives the region a biodiversity unparalleled anywhere in the world. This also indicates that the people that inhabited this region had a plethora of plants and animals to experiment with when learning how to farm and herd animals. This provides a convincing explanation as to why humans advanced so rapidly in this area.
Polytheism was the only belief system in Ancient Mesopotamia for thousands of years and it was a prominent part of their culture. The Epic of Gilgamesh explained the essential role that the gods played in the everyday lives of human beings. Gilgamesh himself was two thirds god. Without the development of this religion the history of the countries of Mesopotamia would be unrecognizable.
What was once known as Mesopotamia is now located in modern day Iraq. In the spring of 2004, a Bradley armoured vehicle drove through the streets of Samarra, sending 25mm shells crashing into Iraqi household while a US interpreter on a loudspeaker shouted the chant: "Jesus kill Mohammed." In both Afghanistan and Iraq, local populations complained about US occupation troops attempts to proselytise Christianity.
Voltaire is widely considered one of France's greatest Enlightenment writers. He is most famous for his attacks on the Catholic Church, his activism for freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and the separation of church and state. Despite the great risk, Voltaire continued be an outspoken advocate.
In Voltaire’s novella Candide, there is a scene where a minister preaches charity to Candide. Displeased with Candide’s indifference about religion, the minister refuses to give him a meal. "My friend," said the orator to him, "do you believe the Pope to be Anti-Christ?" "I have not heard it," answered Candide; "but whether he be, or whether he be not, I want bread." "Thou dost not deserve to eat," said the other. "Begone, rogue; begone, wretch; do not come near me again."
Taoist theology emphasizes various themes found in the Daodejing and Zhuangzi, such as naturalness, vitality, peace, "non-action" (wu wei, or 'effortless effort'), emptiness (refinement), detachment, flexibility, receptiveness, spontaneity, the relativism of human ways of life, ways of speaking and guiding behavior.
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