Greek art took place between 600 B.C. and 146 B.C. It is divided into five time periods or phases. They are the Archaic, Severe, Classical, and Hellenistic. (map)
Greeks created sculptures using bronze, limestone, marble, and terracotta. Limestone was less common while marble was the most predominant material used.
Greek sculptures focused heavily on the human body. As time passed they became better at portraying it and their sculptures became more realistic.
The main purpose of Greek sculptures were to honor gods. The statues were commonly placed in temples and were intended to preserve the image of the gods.
It was also common to make sculptures as part of temples. Many temples had women as pillars or decorative sculptures around the sides.
Greek sculptures often depicted nude men and women to show their naturality and realism.
Greek sculpting styles lasted for centuries because of the Romans' fascination with them. Romans ordered similar sculptures and commissioned Greek sculptors to do Roman subjects.
The style of Greek sculptures continues to influence even modern sculptures. This sculpture is an example of this art style living into the 19th century.
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This user gallery has been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien
Benaki Museum of Greek Civilization
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