World-War-One health Impacts in 10 works of art

A selection of 10 works of art showing the health impacts of World War One. For extra details see the article by Wilson & Thomson, in the journal “Medicine, Conflict & Survival” (3 October 2014 issue).

Over The Top'. 1st Artists' Rifles at Marcoing, 30th December 1917, Nash, John (RA), 1918, From the collection of: Imperial War Museums
This type of attack reflects the risk to soldiers armed only with rifles advancing towards positions defended with machine gun posts. Nevertheless, most deaths of soldiers in World War One were from artillery fire.
The Destruction of the Turkish Transport in the Gorge of the Wadi Fara, Palestine, Carline, Sydney W, 1920, From the collection of: Imperial War Museums
Bombing in World War One killed both soldiers and civilians.
An Advanced Dressing Station in France, 1918, Tonks, Henry, 1918, From the collection of: Imperial War Museums
The artist (Henry Tonks), who was himself an army surgeon, portrays a wide range of injuries, treatments and dressings. As the war progressed there were many improvements in front-line health care.
The Queen's Hospital for Facial Injuries, Frognal, Sidcup: The toy-makers' shop, Lobley, J Hodgson, 1918, From the collection of: Imperial War Museums
This painting shows injured soldiers in a British hospital for facial injuries. The rehabilitation included occupational therapy (such as toy making).
Saline Infusion: An incident in the British Red Cross Hospital, Arc-en-Barrois, 1915, Tonks, Henry, 1915, From the collection of: Imperial War Museums
Improvements in medical treatment (such as saline infusion) was one of the few benefits to arise from World War One.
Gassed, Sargent, John Singer (RA), 1919, From the collection of: Imperial War Museums
This painting shows the impact of a chemical weapon attack on soldiers. During World War One, combatant nations made various attempts to evade the international law that prohibited such weapons.
Refugees, Jēkabs Kazaks, 1917/1917, From the collection of: Latvian National Museum of Art
Refugees were created along all conflict zones in World War One. One estimate is that 19 per cent of the 10.1 million deaths from this war were among civilians.
The Manchesters, Arras. 'Just out of the trenches near Arras. Been through the battles of Ypres and Somme untouched. Going home to Sheffield to be married.', Orpen, William (Sir) (RA), 1917, From the collection of: Imperial War Museums
One harm from World War One was the addiction to smoking that began for many soldiers who were given free cigarettes in their military rations.
The Menin Road, Nash, Paul, 1919, From the collection of: Imperial War Museums
This painting indicates the immense environmental destruction during World War One. One hundred years later, farmers along the battle lines of the Western Front unearth military debris, some of which explode.
Merry-Go-Round, Mark Gertler, 1916, From the collection of: Tate Britain
This is a metaphorical painting of a militarized society (represented as an endless merry-go-round). This artwork suggests at least some citizen opposition to the impact of militarism on British society in World War One.
Credits: All media
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