World-War-One health Impacts in 10 works of art

A selection of 10 works of art showing the health impacts of World War One. For extra details see the article by Wilson & Thomson, in the journal “Medicine, Conflict & Survival” (3 October 2014 issue).

This type of attack reflects the risk to soldiers armed only with rifles advancing towards positions defended with machine gun posts. Nevertheless, most deaths of soldiers in World War One were from artillery fire.
Bombing in World War One killed both soldiers and civilians.
The artist (Henry Tonks), who was himself an army surgeon, portrays a wide range of injuries, treatments and dressings. As the war progressed there were many improvements in front-line health care.
This painting shows injured soldiers in a British hospital for facial injuries. The rehabilitation included occupational therapy (such as toy making).
Improvements in medical treatment (such as saline infusion) was one of the few benefits to arise from World War One.
This painting shows the impact of a chemical weapon attack on soldiers. During World War One, combatant nations made various attempts to evade the international law that prohibited such weapons.
Refugees were created along all conflict zones in World War One. One estimate is that 19 per cent of the 10.1 million deaths from this war were among civilians.
One harm from World War One was the addiction to smoking that began for many soldiers who were given free cigarettes in their military rations.
This painting indicates the immense environmental destruction during World War One. One hundred years later, farmers along the battle lines of the Western Front unearth military debris, some of which explode.
This is a metaphorical painting of a militarized society (represented as an endless merry-go-round). This artwork suggests at least some citizen opposition to the impact of militarism on British society in World War One.
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