The consequences of Human Choices

Studs Terkel:  Working                                             Herodotus:  The Histories                                             Lucretius:  The Nature of Things                                         Mina Loy:  Feminist Manifesto                                             Karl Marx:  The Communist Manifesto                               Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche:  On the Genealogy of Morals Deepak Chopra:  The Seven Spiritual Laws of Success

Working Studs Terkel has interviewed a plethora of people in several diverse occupations. Each person feels differently about their job and how they live their daily lives. The people in these interviews have made the choice to follow a certain career or job. This is a choice that every person has to make at some point in their life. This choice will influence the rest of a person's life and the way that they live their life. It will affect how a person feels daily. Most people today have a job or career. Each person chose to do this job and have this as an occupation. Every single day, several people make the choice to either go to work or stay home. Usually, a person makes the choice to go to work. If a person makes the choice to stay home, the consequence of their choice may be the loss of the job. On the other hand, if a person is unhappy with their occupation, the choice to go to work may have the consequence of lifelong unhappiness. Both choices have consequences and whatever the choice is, that person must live with it.
The Histories Herodotus' The Histories examines the lifestyles of unique groups throughout the world. He records the events that have happened through history by first-hand experience and secondary sources. He tended to focus on the Greek-speaking cultures and the Persians. These two very diverse cultures made choices differently. The people that spoke Greek were more freedom-loving, whereas the Persians focused on military and their unstoppable forces. Herodotus made the decision that he would explore the places known to him at that time. Through traveling the world, he was able to understand different cultures and how they lived. He wanted to see the choices that have been made by different groups of people and how these choices affected each group. Herodotus was intrigued with the actions of humankind. He was aware that every action has a reaction and several of the actions of the people he observed resulted in regional customs or beliefs.
The Nature of Things Lucretius, with the use of his book, attempts to explain Epicurean philosophy to his audience. He uses poetic language to explore Epicurean physics. Lucretius focuses on six different topics; the principles of atomism, the nature of the mind and soul, explanations of sensation and thought, the development of the world and its phenomena, and celestial and terrestrial phenomena. He explains that Epicurus believed that because humans entertained the idea of deities and their power, they lived in fear. This fear resulted in the unhappiness of humans. Lucretius recognized that humans had the choice to live in fear or not. Their choice to live in fear had the consequence of unhappiness. If a person accepted that everyone dies eventually, and remove the fear from their life, then they could be happy. Using observations and arguments, Lucretius attempts to show that the operation of the world is from natural phenomena and is not the result of deities. He believes that if humans make the choice to accept these facts, that every person will live a happy life.
Feminist Manifesto Mina Loy's manifesto is a strongly worded essay that explains her view on feminism. At the time that it was written, women were fighting for equality, the right to vote, and the right to work. Mina Loy felt that women were not choosing to fight for enough. She believed that women should not choose to fight for equality, but instead fight for absolute demolition. Mina Loy felt that women were asking for something that would only scratch the surface. According to Mina Loy, women's choices on how to fight, and what to fight about, would not bring about reform. She suggests that women should take charge of their life and take back the power that the men have over them. One choice that she suggests women should make is surgically removing the hymen. The choice to destroy the virginity of a woman, and the value surrounded by virginity, would remove the control that a man has over a woman. In this time, women were supposed to be a virgin until marriage. This was just a way for men to have power over the women. Mina Loy has outrageous ideas for how women can take control of their lives, but she understands that a woman can choose how to live their life. Every choice has a consequence, and women can choose to be in power.
The Communist Manifesto When the thought of communism crosses a person's mind, it is followed with negative connotations. It is seen as the most outrageous form of government and has very little support from the world. Most people today believe that communism is evil and that no one should participate in communism. This idea of communism has been this way for numerous years, and is unlikely to change anytime soon. A select few of people actually believe that communism is a good form of government. Karl Marx attempts to explain the goals of communism and the underlying theory of a communist movement. He believes that the class system that society used caused exploitation of one class by another. This resulted in several struggles within each class. Marx focuses on the class conflict between the bourgeoisie and proletariat. He believes that proletariat will eventually make the choice to bring about a revolution. This revolution will have the consequence of destroying all ownership of private property and the class system itself. The communists fell that this choice of a revolution must be made and will support the parties participating. The choice of a revolution will have consequences, whether they are good or bad.
On the Genealogy of Morals Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morals questions the value of people's moral judgments. He examines the meanings of the different moral concepts that each person believes in. Throughout his book, he uses three different essays to focus on three unique topics; good and evil, guilt, bad conscience, and the like, and asceticism. Nietzsche explains that the concept of good and evil is a concept created by the strong and the weak. A person has the choice to feel that they are good or evil. Whatever choice that a person makes, will influence how they live their life. Nietzsche clarifies that the strong felt that their happiness was good and that the weak was bad due to their weakness. However, the weak felt that they were good and the strong who enslaved them were evil. Each side had the decision to choose if they were good or evil, and each chose good. This decision has the consequence of living a happier life. Whether a person chooses to see themselves as good or bad, it is their decision. Every person has the choice to decide what type of life that they want to live, and it should not be influenced by what others think that person's choice should be.
The Seven Spiritual Laws of Success Deepak Chopra teaches that everyone has the choice to be successful in their lives. He refers to seven spiritual laws that will help a person lead a life of success. Each law must be followed, and must be taken into consideration every single day. Success is a constant process, and each person has to work on it daily. One must decide to follow these steps every day, and make an effort to change. A person has to make the choice to continue to follow the seven spiritual laws. It is a new choice every day, and each choice with have a certain consequence. One chooses the way that they will live daily. Each person chooses if they will be happy or not. One of the seven spiritual laws says that one must make conscious choices. If a choice is made unconsciously, the consequences could be dire. Every choice has a consequence, but a conscious choice is more likely to have a good outcome. Conscious choices will tend to end in happiness. A person must think through their choices as a human because every choice will affect their life.
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