You are a high school student who slacked off, and you have an essay due tomorrow, on greek culture and identity. Thankfully your father who works in a museum, managed to send you pictures from the ancient greek exhibition.
This box was made during the geometric period. The geometric period was an important time when Greece experienced a cultural revival of its historical past through poetry and the visual arts. The eighth century B.C. was the time of Homer, whose epic poems describe the Greek battle against Troy and the adventures of Odysseus on his return to Ithaca.
Don't you think by just looking at the designs on this box, you can tell it was made during the geometric period?
This is a statue of Apollo. The greeks worshiped him as he was the god of music, poetry, art, oracles, archery, plague, medicine, sun, light and knowledge.
This figure had once held an object, that had been broken off, what do you think it was?
This flask was mainly used for wine. Greek people were known for growing grapes, and making wine to drink themselves. Most people, including children would drink wine every day, but always made sure to mix it with water because being drunk had consequences. The greeks believed in a god named Dionysus who was the god of
fertility and wine.
How is this flask different to the flasks used today?
Horses were very important to the ancient greeks,this can be seen by the frequency of their depiction in art throughout all periods of Greek history. Horses were were so important they were held a level below the gods. To the ancient greeks horses represented wealth and high status.
This gold goblet was found by Heinrich Schliemann, when he went to Mycenae in search of the burial place of the legendary king Agamemnon and his followers, killed, on their victorious return from Troy. The graves he found, which belonged to the earliest phase of Mycenaean culture, were wealthy and were rich in vessels of gold and silver.
In ancient Greece, important people were buried with goods and riches, how is it different from our burials today?
This bronze stature shows a Lyre Player with a Companion. The lyre was probably the most important and well-known instrument in the Greek world. In the early 600s B.C., Homer's poems were spreading throughout Greece and influencing the visual arts. During this time many poets traveled throughout Greece reciting the epic poems of gods and heroes, Homer and written.
This statue is a reference to a scene from the Odyssey by Homer. In the poem, Odysseus and his men escape from the man-eating, one-eyed giant Polyphemos by tying themselves to the under side of the giant's sheep. This story was the most popular story from the Odyssey represented in Greek art. As shown, homers poems were so deeply established in the greek culture that by just taking one glance at the statue any greek could understand what it represented.
Take another look at the statuette of a lyer player with a companion, how is it similar to this statue?
This is a statue of a shepherd carrying a ram to be sacrificed to a god. Ancient greeks would kill a time animal and offer part of it to the gods or to one specific god, while eating the rest of it himself. A sacrifice usually happened when somebody decided that he or she owed something to a god, or that he or she wanted something from a god.
This is a statue of two figures lying on a low bed. The left hand male figure has his hand on the female figures chest. The technique used to make this statue was used in many vase designs, that it was painted before baking. This links to the significance of marriage to the ancient greeks. In Greece culture, Marriages in ancient Greece were arranged by the parents of the intended bride and groom. A financial arrangement was made between the families in the form of a dowry. Girls married between the ages of fourteen to eighteen, while typically men married in their twenties or even thirties.
Why do you think parents allowed there daughters to be married at such a young age?
This is a very large jar that has a wide mouth, used by the ancient Greeks for storing liquids, as wine, or for holding food, as grain, or for the burial of the dead, they would place the bones of the corps inside.
Illustrates on this vase is an episode in Homer's epic poem the Iliad.
Throughout this art exibition you will notice that, liturature played an important role during that time period. Homers writing "The Odyssey", had a great impact on greek culture, people began to believe in the stories, they began to put the stories into their art.
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