THe sexual Revolution of the 1960s
A changing perspective on sexuality
Prior to the 1960s women in America were taught to become housewives and mothers. This view of society was adopted after the War when many veterans quickly settled down and live the American dream.
As the baby boomers began to come of age, music such as that of Ray Charles combined with their consumerist attitudes led to the deviation from the status quo.
The youth began to engage in sexual activities, and began to preach a doctrine of "make love not war". This was the birth of the hippie movement. The youth resented US involvement in Vietnam
In the 1960s,FDA approves of the pill. This simple form of contraception changed the perception of extramarital sex. The pill removed the issue of unwanted pregnancy.
The 1965, Estelle Griswold was arrested for selling contraception in Connecticut. It resulted in Griswold vs Connecticut Supreme Court case that legalized the sale of the pill to married couples.
The I.U.D was also introduced into the market and became another source of contraception. The feminist movement used this as a means of empowerment for women.
There was widespread education about contraception, however not many people considered its negative side effects.
As part of the revolution, the influx of European fashion also brought a different sense of fashion to the States. Miniskirts, long hair and a rejection of the bra was characteristic of the era.
The portrayal of women became more and more sexual. The objectification of women became a real issue.
Towards the end of the decade, colleges also began relax their regulations. Co-ed dorms became widespread, also recognizing the changing attitude to sex.
The film industry also capitalized upon these changes. Movies began to cover more risqué. There was a rise in erotic movies. The rise in tapes and televisions also enabled the growth of pornography.
The LGBT movement also began to pick up speed with the Stonewall Inn Riots in 1969. The rise in LGBT acceptance among the youth became characteristic of the 1960s era.
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