This ipu ngarahu (pigment container) held specialist inks that were used to create a ta moko (tattoo). This ipu ngarahu (pigment container) is made of wood that was then finely carved with two figures on opposite sides with rauru spirals and carved hands. Traditionally, awheto (a vegetable caterpillar) was burnt in an ahi kauri (tattooing fire). Then the awe (ashes/soot) was mixed with water, fish oil, or resin from a hinau tree, mahoe, poroporo, and other plants. All of the ingredients were then kneaded to form kauri (small balls). The ngarahu (pigment) that came from the caterpillars were used for tattooing on the body. Pukepoto (dark blue clay) was mixed with resins to make a blue pigment that was applied to the face.