Roman battles and warfare

In this exhibition, we will encounter anything that is related to war and their beliefs. One thing you should know is that the Romans were described as "born already armed," or at least, that's what Josephus, a scholar, said. They had many years to prepare to be a part of many warfares. The Roman military was so successful that it was considered to be the most powerful in history. They basically ruled the Western world for thousands of years. It is fascinating how many people were in the military/army (or were gladiators but that is besides the point). The Roman Empire aproximately had 45-120 million citizens. Out of all these people, about 375,000 were soldiers. The Roman Empire was actually created by the army itself. They brought riches from different territories that they had won from wars. They say that the training was harsh for the army/military. But a good thing came out of it, they learned to be fit and disciplined. In this unique exhibition, you will see a total of 8 objects. (yes, I know. Why 8? But you'll just have to deal with it, now don't you.) Here is one piece of information for you, they might not look like they belong, but they do. Each object represents a part of their history or a symbol that is important to the army/military. People included. Let me be honest here, it was hard to find artifacts about this theme. I know what you're thinking. What? But you could just find weapons that they used or something right? I didn't find any weapons that they used. Well just one but that one is only used by people with higher power. Besides that, I haven't found one. Sad right? So some of these artifacts might not 'get along' with each other that well. So without further ado, I present you: These amazing artifacts!                                                                                                                                              Bibliography:                                                        "Trajan." - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d.   Web. 30 Sept. 2014.                                                                      "The Roman Army and Warfare." The Roman Army and Warfare. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.                             "Military of Ancient Rome." - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.                                          "Gladiators of Ancient Rome." Gladiators of Ancient Rome. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014. 

Emperor Agustus was, in fact, the first emperor of Rome. He chose Imperator as a first name because he wanted to make things very clear that he was victorious. Augustus is the commander of the army and he later became the best guy who governed Rome. He is important in history for military as he lead many of the wars where they won.
The Gemma Augustea, also known as Agustus' Gem has 2 layers. The two layers happen in different periods of time and they are basically the cause and effect. The lower scene takes place just after a battle that Rome won. As you can clearly see, the prisoners either begged for mercy or they waited for their punishment. Sad really. But it is their own darn fault! The upper scene is a mixture of Rome.(Olympus and the world of cities) You can see Agustus on top of the birth sign. This artifact represents one of the many battles that they won and how they celebrated it--much like kings--afterwards.
As we all know, the military officials used to horseback ride. (What with the long distances and all! Of course they had horses...) In this broken object, we can clearly see that it was from a member of the imperial family. Horses were really important to the army. The head of the horse is made out of metal and gold.
The Statuette of a Gladiator represents a gladiator in motion. (The word Gladiator means 'swordmen') Gladiators usually entertained the audience in the Roman Empire. How? With violent games. The games usually envolved crazy criminals or wild animals. In fact, their ways of playing and doing contests originated from funerals. They were distinguished by their special armor and weapons. Much to anyone's suprise, some women did participate in these tornaments, but it was extremely rare. There was usually a lot of courage and blood loss during these games. Although it is kind of stupid if you ask me. I mean, who would die for games right?
This artifact shows how a warrior's grave tend to look like. It was said that there was a man (around 30 years old) that was buried in this pot. His possessions were also in this so called grave.(The bronze kettle contained things such as weapons, belts, buckles and clasps from shoes, two bronze Roman wine ladles, and two drinking horns.)
This piece appears to be part of the left forearm of a statue that was larger than usual. You see a sword called Parazonium that is gripped between it's fingers. The sword was used by the Emperor, senior of the army and the military. This represents the power they have since they are holding onto the sword tightly. Also, only people with high power could use it which might have led to discrimination. (Since they had special swords for different people)
Trajan was a very important emperor for the army/military. In this statue, you can see that each decoration have a purpose. The griffin, Jupiter's thunder bolt, and the head of Medusa (goddess) are all symbols that represents power and force. Next to Trajan, is an ordinary palm tree. Or is it? The palm tree represents represents victory for some odd reason... The flaps that are located under the suit of armor are figures from the mythological story of Rome. These are some of the decorations that the statue has.
This medallion explains the success of Severus Alexander as they found twenty similar medallions. It has an inscription that possibly reads "Olympic games of the year 274" It is possible that the medallions were some kind of prize to give at a special event. This shows that strong people, like Alexander, would compete in tough games to win. (Games like the kind gladiators play!)
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