the path & Life of the INdians

1845-1900      By:Keely Vasey

As the Homestead Act was put in place tensions began to rise due to conflict over land, and ownership between Native Americans & Settlers moving to the West.
The Tension were spurred when the current President, Abraham Lincoln, passed the Homestead Act of 1862. This act encouraged migration and even provided some land for settlers. And after 5 short years of living on this land they received full ownership of the land. Many settlers even kicked out or invaded land were the Indians already lived.
As more and more settlers came to the west native americans became upset. The settlers were taking their homes. Some were left homeless.
Some Indian tribes worked with the US government well, and cooperated. Others chose to rebel and cause conflicts. This caused some people to make assumptions to see the Native Americans as bad and aggressive people.
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The Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 congress put in place to try to move the Indians once again. This act offered each tribal family 160 acres to own and live on. It was meant to please them, so they could farm and profit from it like all of the other farmers in the West. They weren't allowed to sell the land for 25 years. And after they owned the land officially, they would also become an American citizen.
Dawes Act Continued: The act was highly opposed. The few who followed through on this act were highly disappointed. They found that farming was still very difficult in the West. The land that wasn't given to Native Americans was sold to railroads companies so they could expand their tracks further across U.S.
Many Ranchers who were use to wandering and moving to places were the grass and vegetation was sustainable for their livestock. After being moved they were confined to a small place and couldn't move were every their animals grazed freely.
Some native american farmers found out that being forced to live on a certain place meant they couldn't find places to plant their crops, and feed their tribe and family. Many times the land they were given wasn't suitable for growing crops.
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