Women of greek and roman mythology and the expression of their roles-Crystal Lanier

This Gallery includes the work created to represent the Goddesses of Greek and Roman Mythology.  The works in this gallery will highlight visual representations of the myths, role and stories of each Goddess and how the artist placed emphasis on them through elements in the artwork. Including some differences and similarities between the Greek and Roman goddesses. 

Diana and Actaeon, Unknown artist, turn of 17th/18th c., From the collection of: The Wilanów Palace Museum
This scene is a depiction of the Roman myth where Diana (Goddess of the hunt and the moon) turns Actaeon into a stag for offending her by peeking in on her bath. The elements in the scene identify the characters and the roles played in the scene. The crescent moon above Diana’s head and the quiver of arrows represent trademarks about her role as goddess of the moon and the hunt.
Diana, Artus Quellinus, 1650/1654, From the collection of: Royal Palace Amsterdam
This sculpture is also a visual representation of Roman Goddess Diana. This depiction of Diana shows how she may have appeared on her role as goddess. The artist may have placed the stag to represent the myth about her incident with Actaeon. Having the stag near her may represent her power over mortals.
Artemis, unknown, 115 BC - 100 BC, From the collection of: Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien
Artemis is the Greek equivalent of Roman Goddess Diana. She does not have a crescent moon but is shown wearing a strap which could be her quiver. Strong emphasis is not placed on her role here and it seems more about here beauty. The artist placed strong emphasis on he robes. She is covered where roman goddess Diana is exposed.
Minerva, Achille Funi, 1940/1940, From the collection of: Fondazione Cariplo
This is a ceiling painting of Roman goddess Minerva. She is shown here wearing a helmet a shield and what looks to be a staff or a weapon. This image of her seated and looking to be contemplating a deep thought or very focused, emphasizes her role as goddess of wisdom and strategic warfare.
Minerva, John Cheere, 1756 -, From the collection of: National Palace of Queluz
This statue of Minerva is a good representation of her character in the myth. The artist placed many details in the sculpting of the armor. Minerva being displayed here in the armor is a direct reminder of her being born wearing the armor forged by her mother in her father’s belly.
The abduction of Proserpina by Pluto, John Cheere, 1756 -, From the collection of: National Palace of Queluz
This statue tells the story of the abduction of Proserpina (Pluto’s Wife) by her soon to be husband. Being swept away against her will to the underworld for the first time, as her mother (Demeter), lying at Pluto’s feet, tries desperately to stop him. This depiction of Proserpina emphasizes her desire to stay on earth.
DIANA AND POSEIDON CONSOLE DEMETER IN HER SEARCH, 1810 - 1810, From the collection of: Museum of Arts and Sciences
This painting reflects the story of Demeter’s search for her abducted daughter. Emphasis is strongly placed on Diana pointing and looking out to the sea, telling Demeter where to go or look. The eye is drawn back to Demeter to see the look of discernment upon her face. And then back down to Poseidon who is also pointing and looking out to the sea.
The Judgement of Paris, van der Werff, Adriaen, 1716, From the collection of: Dulwich Picture Gallery
This painting depicts the shepherd Prince awarding the Golden Apple to Venus after choosing her offer. The figure in the darkness of behind the boy appears to be concerned. The artist expresses how pleased Venus and Juno are with the boy’s decision, and how disappointed Minerva is. Cupid being shown with Venus definitely indicates that love is a part of her offer.
Pallas Athena drives away Mars, Jacopo e Domenico Tintoretto, 1576, From the collection of: Doge's Palace
This painting shows Athena who is the Greek counterpart of Minerva. In this scene you can see that Athena is seemingly trying to resolve a dispute between Mars and the woman she is protecting or guarding. The artist was able to capture the essence of who Athena is in this scene. Being that she is the goddess of intelligence and reason as well as peace, battle strategy, and warfare.
Statuette of Aphrodite, Unknown, 3rd - 2nd century B.C., From the collection of: The J. Paul Getty Museum
This statuette of Aphrodite shows her standing with her foot resting on what appears to be a rock. It seems as though the artist may have had her elbow resting upon something, because of the way that she is poking her hip out. The artists may have been trying to express her attributes of desire and pleasure in this sculpture by having her stand in this way.
Credits: All media
This user gallery has been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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