Art 319 p2 18

The United States in the 1960s was one of the most volatile times ever for this nation.  The country was involved in changes both socially and politically that were different than any other time in American history.  The country was at war in Vietnam, as well as each other as the social norm began to evolve.  This exhibit showcases the social and political unrest that occurred in the 1960s.

The Vietnam War was fought between the North Vietnam, supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies and the government of South Vietnam, which was supported by the United States and other anti-communist countries. It was a fight that the United States would be involved in until their exit in 1975.
This picture shows the real toll of the Vietnam War. The United States lost over 58,000 people in this war, wounded over 300,000 and left many cases of Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome for most men who were able to return alive.
This is a very captivating picture of a young woman standing toe-to-toe with the National Guard outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. 1968 was one of the most violent years during this era. There was a lot of civil unrest due to the recent assassination of Robert Kennedy, who many believed would have left Chicago with the Democratic nomination for president. Many people were injured in the violence outside the convention as you will see in the next photo.
This captured just one of the boiling points of 1968 when protesters surrounded a police car outside of the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The angry mob was no match to the Chicago Police and the Illinois National Guard that was outside that day as 30,000 law enforcement personnel were called that day. The day, August 28, 1968 would later be known as the Chicago Police Riot.
American Civil Rights activist Martin Luther King delivered one of the most famous public speeches in American history on August 28, 1963. From the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington, King called for an end to racism in the United States. In my opinion, the speech was the defining moment of the Civil Rights Movement.
It is hard to believe today, but racial segregation was a part of daily life until the 1960s. Humans were separated into racial groups in daily life in activities like eating in a restaurant, drinking in a water fountain, using of public bathrooms, school, riding a bus, watching a movie in a theatre, renting or purchasing a home and many more activities that were not racially equal. Through protests like these, and Supreme Court rulings in the 60s, racial segregation was considered unconstitutional and against the law.
This is an example of a non-violent protest on the streets of Birmingham, Alabama in May 1964. This is an example of “civil resistance” that was preached by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Acts of nonviolent protest and civil disobedience produced situations between activists and government authorities that were hard to ignore. The successful boycotts of the bus system in Montgomery, Greensboro, and Birmingham showed the nation that this movement was working.
The assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. fueled the five days of hell that was described as the 1968 Washington, D.C. Race Riots. A movement of anger and civil disobedience swept across the nation in 110 cities, but Washington D.C. was most affected. 12 deaths, 1,100 injuries and over 6,000 arrests were made after 15,000 federal troops were called to help with the chaos. The threat was so serious that Marines mounted machine guns on the steps of the Capitol and Army troops from the 3rd Infantry guarded the White House. At one point, on April 5, rioting reached within two blocks of the White House before rioters retreated. The occupation of Washington was the largest of any American city since the Civil War.
This is the scene on a common train car on November 23, 1963, the day after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. This is a very interesting picture to me. In the days before news and information was made so instantly, the newspaper was the most important source for everything. It shows here that people were both united and looking for answers to why this happened.
This exhibition closes with one of the most powerful pictures of this decade, and a view of unrest and comfort at the same time. The picture shows recently widowed Jackie Kennedy and her two young children Caroline and John, Jr. along her side. The camera really captures that sense of the country being in unrest with the assassination of a president and worry in the American people, while at the same time easing the people as well as Jackie looks strong with emotion and the will to get through this tragedy that occurred to her family.
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