Museum of Greek History

A spearhead from the island of Cyprus during the Bronze Age. This spearhead represents not only the wide us of bronze during this time, but also the presence of warfare seen on the islands of the Mediterranean, leading to the unity and organization of walled villages.
A calyx with a scene depicting one of Homer's famous characters from the Trojan War, Agamemnon. This calyx marks the impact that Homer's epics had on the reintroduction of literature after the Dark Age, the use of the Greek alphabet, and the revitalization of culture seen during the Archaic Period.
A Corinthian helmet that is very similar to those worn by the hoplites during the Persian Wars. This helmet marks the success of the Greeks over the Persians, as all Greek city-states united and used superior hoplite infantry, as well as the phalanx formation, to repel a foreign invasion.
This piece depicts Athena and Hera, the representative deities of Athens and Samos, shaking hands. It represents not only the Delian League that was an important link between the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars, but the attitude of Athens as being grateful for those who stayed with them and as being very harsh for those who tried to secede.
A marble relief of Athena, who is holding a spear but also deep in thought. This piece is an excellent representation of Athenians during the Peloponnesian War. They had a strong military that was probably only second to Sparta's, but they also tended to debate to exhaustion major decisions about the war.
A gold wreath like those worn by Macedonian royalty, such as Philip II. This wreath represents the military success and influence of Philip II over the Greeks, as this is the first time that a somewhat similar but still outside power gains control over the Greeks.
These fired clay bricks stood through the Ishtar Gate in Babylon, one of the famous cities that Alexander the Great conquered, and also died at. This foreign piece of artwork marks the vast extent of Alexander's empire gained through his military success, in addition to the idea that foreign civilizations would be heavily influenced by Greek culture during the Hellenistic Period.
An earring depicting Nike, the Greek goddess of victory, driving a chariot with two horses. This a great example of ancient Greece's lasting impact on the world today, as the goddess Nike and her representation of victory is often associated with the Olympics, as she is almost always depicted on one side of the gold medal.
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