The Nez Perce and their land 

By: Sally and Mackenzie 

This was a tomahawk used by one of the Nez Perce Indians. But this was only used for killing animals, cause they were known from being a friendly tribe. The practically never killed a white person
The Nez Perce became expert riders and horse breeders.
They developed their own breed, the Appaloosa. This breed is very strong and fast allow for easy kills when hunting a single target, such as a buffalo.
People characterized the Nez Perce as having Nose Jewerly, but people were mistaking them for other indians, explaining why their name means "Nose piercing" but they did really wear nose decoration
The Nez Perce were among the friendliest of all western Indians toward whites. Americans’ hunger for land and riches finally broke that friendship. In the 1860s, miners swarmed over Nez Perce land, looking for gold.
The chief of the Nez Perce Tribe.
The Americans wanted their land to use for many reasons. So they offered a treaty to move the Indians of the Nez Perce Tribe to Lapwai in Idaho. Some agreed and most others didn't. Those who oppose were lead by Chief Joseph.
In 1877, representatives of the U.S. government presented Chief Joseph with a choice. You can give up your land and move to Lapwai, they told him, or army troops will come and force you to move there. Chief Joseph agreed to move.
War started. About 70 people of the Nez perce fled and murdered many whites, which the chief knew would bring harm to his tribe with punishment. So they yet fled to Canada where they thought they would be safe.
The run to canada resulted with some of the Nez Perce to run off into the mountains and others to fight the army that were chasing after them. The Indians defended all the way until they were 40 miles from the Canadian border. These Nez Perce were sent to a different reservation than the ones that traveled willingly.
The soldiers came. Still hoping to avoid war, Indians carried the white flag of peace and came forward to talk. Though the troops opened fire anyway. With this the Indians ran to the only place they could be free, Canada.
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