Both Antigone and Freud’s Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis comment on the perceived nature of women and their roles. In both texts, the role of women is defined by patriarchal ideals and women are confined to traditional gender roles, in which women are inferior and subordinate to men. In Antigone these is achieved through the repression of the female characters and through negative statements made about women, while Freud implies these themes in his beliefs about the concept of “penis envy.”
This exhibit examines a variety of artworks which convey themes of male superiority and female sexual envy. It displays evidence of traditional gender roles throughout history. The analysis of these works and the discovery of these themes in their content has been based on imagery relating to events, ideas, and symbols in the text.