The image I’ve chosen to represent temple adornment of Ancient Greek Culture is of block VI of the east frieze of the Parthenon, depicting Posiden, Apollo and Aphrodite. The limestone and marble temple was built in dedication to Athena, in the Acropolis is Athens, Greece. It was built between 447 and 438, and the relief sculptures that decorated the metopes, pediments and friezes weren’t finished until 432 BCE. The architects were Iktinos and Kallikrates, and the sculpting program was lead by Phidias. The greeks had a very different religion than say Christianity or Islam. Which incidentally both converted the Parthenon to serve their religious purposes later in history, it was a greek orthodox church, a roman catholic church, and later a mosque after the ottomans conquered Greece. Unlike with a church or a mosque, the ancient Greeks didn’t have the kind of religion where you go inside the temple to worship. Instead they would have a sacrificial altar outside the temple, and a statue of the God inside. In the case of the Parthenon, no altar was found, but there was a giant statue of the Goddess Athena inside. The Parthenon also possibly functioned as a treasury.
The Parthenon was not just a dedication to Athena, it was also built to glorify Athens. The magnificence of the life breathed into the architecture through extremely subtle irregularities in the seemingly perfect harmonious symmetry exemplifies this. It was a celebration of the greatness of the Athenians, which is evident in the relief sculptures that adorned every available space. The frieze that ran all the way around the temple depicted the Panathenaic procession, a festival procession that took place every four years in Athens. This is the first known case in Greek art of humans being depicted on a temple. The Gods, are spectators at the festival. This is indicative of the very high self importance of the Athenians.