The Truth About Human Nature: EVIL OR INDIVIDUAL?

The control of one's human nature is seen similarly through the eyes of Freud in his Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis and Sophocles in his Antigone; it is impossible to suppress. Yet, the two works of literature diverge in their opinions on the types of feelings that are being repressed. Sophocles portrays his belief in the theory of individualized human nature. The characters in Antigone all seem to be acting on instinct, yet their instincts all stem from different needs. Antigone's instincts tell her to bury her brother against society's instructions, simultaneously Creon's instincts instruct him to grab for power at all costs and protect his city in the same respect. On the other hand, Freud believes that everyone has the same repressed sexual instincts that run their unconscious lives. 

The statue of Queen Hatshepsut depicts her people's love for her as their pharaoh, an independent female ruler. Similar to Hatshepsut, Sophocles' Antigone is independent and defies female boundaries in exclamation against a male figure. Antigone's instincts are not sexual in nature. She proclaims to Creon, "Your words disgust me [...]" (Sophocles 23). Antigone does not care about being polite to a man simply because that is what she is told to do by society at the time (Cunningham-Bryant, 10/3/14).
A stormy fight between the super-ego and the id in this telling painting gives us a visual representation of both Freud and Sophocle's works of instinct suppression. Ismene fights between her family instincts and societal values as she protects her sister, but Antigone won't accept her wishy washy loyalty. Antigone says, "I won't accept a friend who's only friends in words" (Sophocles 25). In a similar fashion Freud sees the fight between the sexual instinct and civilized society in the form of neuroses. "[...] Instinctual impulses which can only be described as sexual, [...] play an extremely large [...] part in the causation of nervous and mental diseases" (Freud 26).
Sophocle's Creon cannot help but follow his instincts to hold absolute power over the people of Thebes just as Caesar is remembered to hold the same goals (Shakespeare, 1599). Creon exerts, "reject one man ruling another, and that's the worst" (Sophocles 31).
This painting displays the many types of art with a sexual nature. "[...] These same sexual impulses also make contributions that must not be underestimated to the highest culture, artistic and social creations of the human spirit (Freud 26). Sumanovic's painting supports Freud's theories about the connection between sexual impulses and culture, in this case that culture is art.
In another example of Freud's insistence upon the human deep seeded evil nature, this painting shows the deathly dreams of Freud's patients. "Wishes for revenge and death directed against those who are nearest and dearest in waking life [...] is nothing unusual" (Freud 176).
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