Human anatomy

The evolution in the representation of the human anatomy is based on not only the tools available to the artists, but also what is known about the artist's culture, historical context, political agenda/rhetoric, or religious point of view. This exhibition serves as a collection of discovering arts that portrayed the human body in the order of their time period. 

This was sculpture was one of the first representation of a human body. This small rock made from volcanic ash, was found on the Golan Hieghts. Combined grooves in the rock, form what appears to be a silhouette of a female (Venus) human. The stomach and leg regions are a bit more emphasized as other art works in this time period tend to be. The reason for this was to represent fertility.
The Kritios boy belongs to the early Classical period. The statue is named Kritios boy because the sculptor who carved it was Kritios. Kritios boy was the first to capture the human body in motion naturalistically. The Kritios boy was thus named because it is believed to be the creation of Krito, the teacher of Myron, from around 480 BCE. The statue is made of marble and is considerably smaller than life-size and displays the use of contraposto. With the Kritios Boy the Greek artist has mastered a complete understanding of how the different parts of the body act as a system. The statue supports its body on one leg, the left, whiles the right one is bent at the knee in a relaxing state. His head is also slightly turned to the right and tilted.
The way in which the body is posed (more weight on left leg, stepping forward on right leg, exaggerates the hip, and tilt the shoulder) suggests a sense of balance, motion, and fluidity that holds a striking resemblance to pose of the The Kritios boy.
This stucco made figure was found deep in the funerary floor of the Temple of Inscriptions in Palenque which can be found in Palenque, Chiapas. Buried for centuries inside the tomb of ancient Mayan leader, Pakal, she was found with a counterpart male stucco mask with remarkably similar features. Although they were found within the tomb, there are not enough available resources to state the reason as to why they were buried along with Pakal.
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This user gallery has been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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