development of teachings

People all grow up learning about the world in different ways. From birth, everyone is told they have a predestination of their life based off of what God planned. This predestination sets us with parents who raise us each in different ways. From the start of these readings, Plato exhibits the teachings to others which relates directly to Mary Wollstonecraft and her view of education on society. In looking at the way society has changed over time one can see how communism has changed from its original form that Karl Marx once stated. From Adam and Eve to societal changes today one can see how far civilization has come in the development of education and teachings. This art project exhibits different teaching methods about the way people are raised and how everyone learns about the world differently. From religion and philosophy to human nature, everyone explores the world in a different way.

Here we see a simple picture of a bible. This object was chosen to represent Plato: The Republic because it brings in the question of belief. What do you belief? Throughout Book 1 and 2 of Plato: The Republic, the question of justice is constantly circled around conversations. For example, what does each person perceive as just? Thrasymachus means to say that no one can gain anything even when they are just. He states, "I suppose that you would call justice virtue and injustice vice? What a charming notion! So likely too, seeing that I affirm injustice to be profitable and justice not" (Plato Book 1). What is right and wrong according to each person? Do we think that it should be considered one of the most desirable things to a person? Do we desire to be treated fairly and treat others fairly, also known as justice? Socrates and Plato constantly ask other questions about what they believe justice is. From questioning physicians, business, wealth, good, evil and more the questions continue around justice. The bible is shown here because the question of what everyone religiously believes is another great question among all citizens. In today’s society and the world at the time of 440 B.C. we still ask, do you believe in God? What is right and wrong according to a person’s specific religion? What does a person believe in terms of God and afterlife? Similar to the discussion of justice in Plato: The Republic the bible is an artifact that resembles the question of belief in God and shows again the differences in each person’s beliefs. The Bible is an artifact that has people always asking questions and wondering what they believe themselves. This relates to the conversations of justice throughout book 1 and 2 as everyone clearly has different beliefs and none of which one can prove are right, which again relates to religious beliefs in that no one can officially prove that a person’s theory is right or wrong.
This image of 12 year old Jesus teaching in the Temple relates to the teachings made in the Allegory of the Cave. Jesus is standing before these people teaching them something they have not seen, something that is beyond their minds. When the philosopher teaches the other people of the cave about what he has seen outside of the cave, he is also teaching them something beyond their minds.“He will require to grow accustomed to the sight of the upper world. And first he will see the shadows best, next the reflections of men and other objects in the water, and then the objects themselves; then he will gaze upon the light of the moon and stars and the spangled heaven” (Plato Book 7). In this, Plato describes that those in the cave will grow and learn from the sight of the world above. The philosopher relates directly to Jesus in this teaching because both stand before people and share with them the truths of the world as they have seen it. Both Jesus and the philosopher have seen beyond what the people they're teaching have seen and therefore they are sharing with them the true nature of the world that they have not yet seen.
As simple as this painting looks, it has many layers and underlying images. This painting's layers and many backgrounds connects to Rousseau and the Discourse on Inequality because by the end of his speakings he affirms a point in that the state of nature changes humans. In this painting that was once a solid color, many different shapes and sizes and colors appear as we get further into the painting. Rousseau means to say that humans are made by God and we continue to shape ourselves as we go further into our lives. We grow, we change, and we aren't perfect. Rousseau states, "Comparative anatomy has not as yet been sufficiently improved; neither have the observations of natural philosophy been sufficiently ascertained, to establish upon such foundations the basis of a solid system” (Part 1). Though natural philosophy is what should shape us it is the natural changes in society that does so. Similar to this painting, it is not perfect and it goes all over the place. Rousseau says it is human nature to change and develop even though God makes us. We all change, just like this picture that was once simple and is now contrasted.
To continue in the biblical and spiritual discussions of my artworks, I chose this painting of Adam and Eve. As we were finishing Rousseau, I really came to find that inequality is so prevalent in society today because of people. Time has developed and so have we regarding cultures, race, gender, and more. Therefore, even though we are all born as a person and made by God himself, we have made inequality ourselves. Rousseau states, “We may easily perceive that among the differences, which distinguish men, several pass for natural, which are merely the work of habit and the different kinds of life adopted by men living in a social way” (Rousseau). All of mankind have this natural differences of inequality because God made us this way. However, developments in society have been the main cause of our inequalities which have become much larger than among people. Inequality also exists in class status, ownership, gender, jobs, etc. John Locke believed in natural rights of people and used the Bible's logic to support this. He says that God made Adam and gave him natural rights just as he did to every human born. This is another reason I chose this picture of Adam and Eve. To show that from the beginning of man, God defined natural rights to all humans and even in the first creation of man, he gave them this natural right to life, liberty and property. Everyone has this equal right to these natural rights.
This piece reminds me of North Korea leadership among their people. The dictation Kim Jong Il looks over his people while he stands high above them. Today this is considered communism. Though Karl Marx saw communism as a form of equality among all classes, he did not see it as a form of complete dictatorship and ruling among the people. Karl Marx saw communism in the social sense as, "They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions" (Marx). Here he means to say that communists can take over current social conditions to make their own. However, what's wrong nowadays is that people of North Korea are equal among each other however their level of classes do not exist because instead they worship their leader. Karl Marx did not intend communism to be about a ruler whom did not respect his people and only wants power over his people. Karl Marx simply wanted equality and as shown in this people, people are not equal to the ruler. The ruler is above everyone else whom is worshiping the ruler. To go along with the theme of this artwork collection, this against represents what people of North Korea believe. They were brought up and raised to worship this one ruler. This is all they know because this is how they were raised and what they were taught. Everyone is raised differently but Marx would not want communism to have been like this in North Korea.
Paetus and Arris is from the 18th century in which Mary Wollstonecraft wrote Vindication on the Rights of Women. In this painting the woman is clearly in service to this man. Assuming he is her husband, she is meant to serve him and give him what he wants which is what Wollstonecraft wanted to change as she wrote this book. In the introduction she states, “The male pursues, the female yields—this is the law of nature; and it does not appear to be suspended or abrogated in favour of woman” (Wollstonecraft). As shown in this painting the female yields herself to her man because that is the way education has guided women to be during this time. The way we are educated in our upbringing makes us believe this is the way to be but Wollstonecraft steps up and argues that this should not be the case when she wrote the Vindication on the Rights of Women.
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