This is a sculpture of Aristotle's head. It was made between 25 AD and 75 AD. It was probably based on a bronze statue, which was constructed after death according to other sources. Of all the known replicas of Aristotle's head, the sculpture in Vienna was in the best condition.
The meaning of this statuette may be hard to understand now, but any ancient Greek would immediately recognize the reference to a scene from the Odyssey by Homer. It's not easy to see but Odysseus is under the ram's chest and is missing his body. Terracotta figurines were frequently given to sanctuaries as gifts to the gods. Simple versions like these could also be given as children's toys.
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