Tranquility is achieved by looking within, rather than externally

In Freud's "Psycho-analysis", and Sophocles' "Antigone", the concept of inner tranquility is achieved from looking within oneself. The source of the character's, or patient's problems originate from external influences. Freud's method of psycho-analysis is based upon studying oneself in order to confront the root of one's strife's. Similar to Freud's method of psycho-analysis, Sophocles' dramatizes the characters in "Antigone" (ex. Creon, Antigone, Haemon...) to imply the theme that  tranquility  is gained through self evaluation, as opposed to foreign dominations . Both texts support the idea that in order to be emotionally centered, one must look within in order to become jubilant on the outside.

The night is a universal symbol for death (Kelly 33). Antigone comes to terms with death, she says she will "follow death, alive", and this content she displays with death is a sign of internal serenity (Sophocles 38). Freud believes one must "study oneself" in order to successfully psycho-analyze (Freud 22). Both Antigone and Freud successfully look within(Antigone becomes content with death, Freud self analyzes), rather than externally, to be internally satisfied.
This mother uses her child as a reason for living. Ismene's has similar reasons for living because if her sister passes she will be "alone" (Sophocles 26)Ismene would be swelled with internal conflict due to an external relationship, or lack of relationship with her sister. On the contrary, Freud says "there are mental things in which a man knows without knowing them" (Freud 124). Freud is implying if one tries, they can achieve piece internally, rather than depend on an external relationship, much like Ismene and her relationship with Antigone.
People use manipulation of external forces in order to compensate for internal problems. In this painting, the dog is manipulated(domesticated) by his human companion. In Antigone Creon says "Money teaches good minds to go bad", implying people are manipulated by money( An external force) to compensate for lack of self serenity (Sophocles 14). Bernays developed a technique to manipulate women to start smoking (Happiness Machines 12:56). Both Creon and Bernays suggest that the use of external forces(in this case, money and smoking)to make people believe they have achieved inner peace through external force, but in reality they're only pushing it aside.
This is a family visiting a graveyard(external force) in order to pay their respects, and essentially feel closure (internal force). Antigone conducts a burial for her brother in order for her mind to feel at peace. She explains herself by saying they're "is no shame in having respect for a brother" (Sophocles 23).Freud has a similar concept; Freud remains celibate because it makes him feel more productive and more fulfilled (Freud Biography 17:58). Both Antigone and Freud try finding peace externally( Antigone with her brother's buriel and Freud with his sexual choices), rather than internally, and we never know if they were truly fulfilled.
Creon has devilish thoughts, he wants to have Antigone killed because it would help him as a ruler, which he thinks would fulfill him emotionally. Creon says, "I don't care if she is my sister's child- Or closer yet at my household shrine for Zeus- She and her sister must pay the full price"(Sophocles 22-23). Freud said dream is a "hallucinated fulfillment to a dream". In Creon's case his "hallucinated fulfillment" is the idea that he will be a better ruler, but in reality his killing of Antigone will only fulfill him externally, not internally. This picture depicts the temptation to commit terrible actions(Creon)in order to feel improved mentally.
This paiting displays a women killing herself. In Antigone, Haemon is "killed by his own flesh and blood" in order to find peace. Haemon harms himself externally in order to be fulfilled internally (Sophocles 53). Freud said, "Society makes what is disagreeable" (Freud 28). In this case what is disagreeable is society's influence (external force) on internal conflict as opposed to internal peace.
Creon was a tyrant. Antigone says "A tyrant says and does what he pleases. That's his great joy." Antigone is fulling the concept joy is achieved externally (through control of others), but Sophocles is implying Happiness is achieved within because Creon is a tyrant, but even though he has control he is not happy (Sophocles 23). Freud said, "The dream is not the genuine material, but a subsititute for it." In Creon's case, the dream is Creon holding power over others(external), but this dream will not substitute for internal strife, it will only toss aside internal tranquility.
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