Greek Art

by larissa collins :)

The head of Augustus is one of the many statues found along the Sacred Way of the Temple of Apollo at Didyma. The sanctuary of Apollo was a very wealthy one, and rich people would often put up statues of themselves. This particular one is the most advanced of them, even though it is unfinished. The person being portrayed is thought to have been from the upper class.
This lion was one of 2 that stood above the entrance to a tomb. Most lions were done in a Near Eastern style but these were done in an Egyptian style. There are many ways the Eqyptian style is incorporated. One is that it rests on its left side and its left hind leg is tucked under its body so that the underside of the paw can be sign on the right side.
This head was part of an Athenian grave monument. In these monuments, life-size images of family members were presented within a stage-like setting. The deep-set eyes, furrowed brow, open mouth, and tousled hair were different from the glamorous Classical forms of the time period. The emotion is supposed to individualize the person while not specifically connecting them in appearance to the deceased.
Greek shields were decorated with scenes from mythology, which can be seen on this bronze piece. The top depicts the scene of Melanos, king of Sparta, reclaiming his wife, Helen, once the Trojan War is over. Athena is also watching them from the right. The bottom shows the centaur Nessos abducting Deianeira, the wife of the hero Herakles. The piece itself is part of the leather strap on the inside of the shield. It was customary to cover the leather in bronze.
This statue shows a griffin eating the arm of an Arimasp. The Arimasps were a race of one eyed men. In mythology, griffins lived far to the north of the civilized world and guarded their gold. The two species often fought because the Arimasps were always trying to steal the gold from the griffins. In the statue the griffen has an Arimasp under its paw and is tearing him apart limb by limb.
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