The Movement of Women in History

This gallery shows portraits and a brief description of the powerful women that have changed our history from all over the world.

Hatshepsut was the first woman to become pharaoh in Egypt. Hatshepsut ruled longer than any other woman in Egypt. She was known for her many construction projects and trade expeditions. In memory of her rule, her face is the face of the Sphinx.
Maria Theresa controlled the lands of Central Europe. She made strengthened the economic system by increasing taxes and strengthened the state by expanding the military. She strongly believed in education and health, therefore founded the Imperial and Royal Academy of Science and Literature in Brussels. She also abolished witch burning, capital punishment and made education mandatory.
Queen Victoria was head of the British Empire. Queen Victoria supported the act, Parliament in 1838, that abolished slavery in the British Empire. She also supported the Factory Act, which reduced the hours a person can wok in a textile mill, and the Third Reform Act of 1884. The Third Reform Act gave permission to all male household members the right to vote.
Empress Cixi was in control of China's state affairs from 1861 to 1908. She appointed General Zeng Guofan to lead China's mlitary to crush the revolt of Taiping's Rebeliion. Cixi was against foreign affairs and influence, so she prohibited education abroad seas and into other countries. When her nephew Empreror Guangxi opposed her decisions, she placed him in house arrest. The west revolted against when western missionaries became targets of the Boxer Rebellion. Later, she started to encourage China to "learn from foreigners", which lead to the modernization of China.
Eva (Evita) Peron, founded Argentina's first female political party called the Female Peronist Party.Eva's party built new homes for homeless people and provided health care to citizens. Eva became an important symbol among Argentinian women.
Marie Poplin was a Belgian lawyer that started a Belgian feminist movement for women's education. In 1888, Marie became the first woman to achieve a law doctorate. She was featured on a Belgian postage stamp.
Elizabeth Stanton was the first woman to start a women's rights movement in America, the National Woman Suffrage Asociation (NWSA). Stanton addressed issues such as birth control and economic rights.
Along with Elizabeth Stanton, Lucretia Mott started the Seneca Falls Convention, the first public convention. There they signed the Declaration of Sentiments. In 1865, she advocated against Black American's rights to vote.
Susan B. Anthony was another advocate to help Elizabeth and Lucretia in the women's suffrage movement. Anthony worked internationally bringing courage to women around the world to fight for their rights. It was called the International Council of Women. Anthony also helped in creating the World's Congress of Representative Women at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.
Rosa Parks, refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger, began the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This movement was one of the largest racial segregational movements in history. When Rosa passed away, she was the first woman to receive the honor to lie in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda.
This is a photo of the memorabilia's of the Woman's party. Alice Paul created the National Woman's Party in 1914. Feeling that the "nice" protests weren't going anywhere, Alice Paul rallied and held marches, burning copies of President Wilson's speeches until he urged the passage of the 19th amendment.
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This user gallery has been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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