Harmony of yesterday, instruments in history - Michael Cosme

Enjoy this gallery of instruments from our past that helped mold our modern lineup of orchestral instruments. It's great to see what these older instruments looked like and I get a kick out of trying to figure out what kind of sounds they actually produced if any because some may have been for show.

The copper serpent is a three keyed instrument made up of two sheets of copper and represents a wooden serpent that were common of its time. The copper serpent was invented around year 1825 by William Lander. The instrument is tuned in C so it most likely sounds similar to a cornet of today.
The Mayuri is an instrument that comes from 19th century India, the frets and neck of the instrument resemble the same of the indian sitar. Having four major and fifteen accompanying strings this instrument most resembles any stringed instrument that is used in the modern music world but the sitar still exists so that is the Mayuri's closest relative.
The six valve trombone was created by Adolphe Sax sometime within the 19th century. The valves were used to make the same sound as the known slide trombone does, first valve for first position second for second, etc. The six valve trombone most resembles the euphonium that is used in orchestras today.
The Alto sax horn with rotating bell was also invented by Adolphe Sax in about 1867. The instrument has six valves just like the six valve trombone but due to its size it is pitched differently. So where the six valve trombone would be similar to todays euphonium, this instrument more closely resembles a french horn.
The West African Thumb Piano is not used as much for entertainment as is for religious purposes. The use the sounds of the piano to bring back spirits or ancestors for advice for their lives. Sometimes it is used to honor others as well. This instrument resembles todays small pianos for children.
The Glass Armonica was invented by none other than Mr. Benjamin Franklin back in 1762. Franklin invented this instrument because he saw a friend of his perform on water tuned wine glasses and wanted a simpler instrument to be used. Sadly, Franklin's Armonica was eventually faded out from popular instruments.
The Basset Horn came in to the music picture somewhere around the 1770's. The instrument was known to be tuned in four different keys, F, G, C and B. The instrument was also known to be made in numerous shapes and sizes. Its modern relative would definitely have to be the clarinet.
The Crocodile-shaped Zither isa stringed instrument used most commonly by there Mon people. It is played by plucking the set of either three or six strings found on the instrument and pressing down on the frets. The only instrument that makes sense to me to compare to the Zither is the banjo even though they might not sound the same.
The Baroque Natural Trumpet was constructed of 100% hand hammered brass. It can be found in two keys, either D or Db. It was first created in 1746 by Johann Wilhelm and has to use different tuning bits for tuning, obviously. It's closest modern relative is former the Bb trumpet .
The Cornetto is an instrument that uses a mouthpiece similar to a brass instrument but has tuning holes that resemble those found on a recorder. It was used mostly in the 16th and 17th centuries and was named "the perfect sounding instrument" I would say that today's recorder or Clarinet is the Cornetto's modern relative.
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