Early northern renaissance

Molly McCue and Kelley Lubking

"Etienne Chevalier with St.Stephen" is the second panel of the "Melun Diptych." In this panel, Etienne Chevalier, who commissioned the painting is seen kneeling beside St.Stephen. The saint is holding a book with a rock, symbolizing his martyrdom. This piece was chosen because it is considered one of the greatest works of the Renaissance in France and it is also Jean Fouquet's most famous.
This piece is a page from the "Book of Hours." This illuminated manuscript was created for Simon de Varie. Here, the Virgin Mary holds her son, Jesus, as he reaches out as if giving a blessing. This work was chosen because of it shows Fouquet's ability as an illuminator. The perspective shown is also unique and shows his talent.
In this painting,the three Marys are surrounding the tomb of Jesus Christ, who has risen. The women carry bottles with ointment and spices for the body of Christ. The guards are sleeping while the angel on top of the tomb explains the miracle to the women. The city of Jerusalem is depicted in the background to give context to the work. This piece was chosen for its great attention to detail and masterful skill. It is also one of the few paintings that can partially be attributed to Hubert van Eyck.
In the center panel of this work, the Virgin Mary and Jesus are surrounded by an angel and an unknown man, possibly Sir John Donne who may have commissioned the work. Jesus is shown reaching out for an apple held by the angel. On the left panel John the Baptist is shown holding a lamb. On the right, John the Evangelist is shown holding a cup symbolizing communion. This painting represents the time in his career where his workshop was beginning to flourish.
In this picture, the Virgin Mary is pictured as the Pieta or Our Lady of Sorrows as she is seen holding Jesus upright and grieving. Jesus has been crucified and is pictured as alive and holding the bleeding wound on his chest. In the background, there are symbols of the story of the Passion such as the nails that represent his being nailed to a cross. This picture was chosen for its great use of symbolism and emotion. It is an interesting composition which shows the religious nature of Memling's work.
This portrait was previously the second panel of a diptych that featured "Portrait of an Old Man" as well. This particular panel shows an old woman wearing a wimple. This piece was chosen because it represents the talent Hans Memling had for portraits. He created many and the detail and natural aspects of this piece are important to note.
In this work, the Virgin Mary and Joseph are kneeling on either side of the Jesus' crib. Angels also surround the crib and the shepherds are seen rushing into the scene on the left. Flanking the painting on either side are two men representing Old Testament prophets, who draw back the curtains and reveal the scene. This piece was chosen because of its detail and interesting use of perspective. It was one of Hugo van der Goes most famous and important pieces, and it fully represents his talent.
In this center panel of the triptych, Mary and Joseph kneel in prayer as they look onto the newborn Jesus. Angels surround fill the panel and a figure representing the holy spirit floats in the upper left-hand corner. On the right, three shepherds look on in awe. This painting was chosen because it is Hugo van der Goes most famous work. It also shows his attention to detail and ability to depict everyday people, especially in the case of the shepherds.
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