"To those entering the same river, other and still other waters flow." (Heraclitus, fr. 42)
A comparison of Monet's "Rouen Cathedral, West Façade" and "Rouen Cathedral, West Façade, Sunlight" reflect change in a obvious, natural occurrence: the contrast of light and dark. The two Rouen Cathedral paintings in this online gallery are part of a series of paintings Monet created in the 1894 that aim to capture and document the same subject at different times of day (Columbia University, Rouen Cathedral Series). As Heraclitus argues, one cannot step into the same river twice for the water itself is changed. Just like Heraclitus's philosophy of change and identity, Monet's Rouen Cathedral series aims to depict the different "identities" the façade of the cathedral embraces when affected by day and night. The cathedral is the same cathedral as before, yet reflects the constant change of nature.