Architecture to visit

Amber Lehardy ARTS/100  Christopher Fazzi  3/28/2016

"An immense mausoleum of white marble, built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, the Taj Mahal is the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage." Taj Mahal - UNESCO World Heritage Centre whc.unesco.org/en/list/252World Heritage Site :The great gate stands to the north of the entrance forecourt (jilaukhana) and provides a symbolic transition between the worldly realm of bazaars and caravanserai and the spiritual realm of the paradise garden, mosque and the mausoleum. Its rectangular plan is a variation of the 9-part hasht bihisht plan found in the mausoleum. The corners are articulated with octagonal towers giving the structure a defensive appearance. External domes were reserved for tombs and mosques and so the large central space does not receive any outward expression of its internal dome." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origins_and_architecture_of_the_Taj_Mahal
"The latest building techniques and materials were used in the construction of the castle. The foundations were cemented and the walls built of brick with light-coloured limestone used merely as cladding. Neuschwanstein as it was on the death of King Ludwig II." Bayerische Schlösserverwaltung | Neuschwanstein ... www.neuschwanstein.de/englisch/.../history.htm Neuschwanstein Castle The architectural style used to build Neuschwanstein Castle is Romanesque Revival.
"The central buildings of Machu Picchu use the classical Inca architectural style of polished dry-stone walls of regular shape. The Incas were masters of this technique, called ashlar, in which blocks of stone are cut to fit together tightly without mortar." Machu Picchu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_PicchuWikipedia
"The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces. It is included in lists of the "Seven Medieval Wonders of the World" but was of course not one of the classical Seven Wonders of the World recognized by the ancient Greeks. The Wall was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987." The Great Wall of China - Crystalinks www.crystalinks.com/greatwallofchina.html
The Colosseum in Italy is made up of a few different materials. Some of these were, tuff, tiles, mortar and Roman cement. "The Colosseum includes all the ancient architectural "orders", which are styles recognizable mainly by the columns employed. The order of the ground floor half columns is the Tuscan one (a Roman variation of the Doric order), on the second floor the semicolumns are Ionic and on the third floor Corinthian." Description - The-Colosseum.net www.the-colosseum.net/architecture/descriptio_en.htm
The figures of the Marines in the Iwo Jima Memorial statue erect a 60-foot bronze flagpole from which a cloth flag flies 24 hours a day. The base of the memorial is made of rough Swedish granite which is inscribed with the names and dates of every principal member of the U. S. Marine Corps. Iwo Jima Memorial - U. S. Marine Corps War Memorial dc.about.com/od/monuments/a/IwoJima.htm
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