"Every age projects its own image in its arts."  Impressionism (1870-1905) was a artistic style initially rejected by the classical and respected artists of its time, due to its rejection of fine detail. This art style focused more on the ephemeral and fleeting parts of everday life such as certain times of day, and weather situations. In addition, impressionism shied away from the whimisical and high life of the upper class, and focused more on the common people.                                                                                                                                                   Post-Impressionism, like impressionism, was an art style born during the tail end of the 19th century, and also followed the same subject guidlines of impressionism. This style focused on the technique of pointillism, which created paintings made of many dots, allowing the viewers to focus on color to paint the image. 

This painting, a single work in a whole series of similar artistic pieces, portrays a haystack in midday. This has a definitive place in the impressionist art movement as it portrays a fleeting moment, and is not a definitive subject. Monet focuses on the shading and lighting of the scene, rather than the exact detail, also giving this painting a spot in the impressionist movement.
Van Gogh has painted a still life scene here, in which the colors and subject make this obviously an post-impressionist piece. The video above goes into greater depth on the painting itself.
One of Claude Monet's more popular pieces, "Water Lilies" is a perfect example and representation of the impressionist movement as a whole. The obvious attention paid to the lighting and timing of the scene rather than the exact detail are two key ideas unique to the impressionist art period.
In this famous painting, van Gogh uses greatly the pointillism style. The painting is mostly made up of series of dots, organized by color to make up the painting as a whole. The subject also gives way to the classification of this as a post-impressioist painting, as it portrays a temporary moment in time.
Another painting by Monet, this one being of a cliff scene. This painting once again pulls in the idea of attention being pulled towards the lighting and feeling of the scene, rather than the exact details of the moment. The shading in the water reflects the cliff and the sun, showing the timing of the day, and the evidence of this being a fleeting moment that Monet wished to portray before it was gone.
Van Gogh once again has painted a still life portrait of foliage. This painting of sunflowers has a post-impressionist vibe to it, mainly due to the lack of key detail, and more attention paid to the bright colors of the flowers themselves.
Monet once again draws attention to a temporary moment in time, as made evident in the lighting and shading details. The sun creates a shadow on the moment, specifically over the umbrella that the woman is holding. This painting definitely belongs in the category of impressionism, as the details are put in the background, rather than being the key component of the painting.
The Van Gogh painting makes great use of the pointillism art technique. If you look closely, solid lines are hard to find, as a majority of the painting is made up of separate dots and ideas. This technique was a key element of the post-impressionist movement.
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