Olympus: Ancient Gods and goddesses - Tavyn Gentry

Shown in this gallery are several representation of the Gods of Ancient Rome and Greece and what they represented to their people through sculptures made of various mediums. The Romans and the Gods created their gods to help themselves understand the natural chaos of life, just as their Gods have are both generous and selfish and vile. The Gods of Rome and Greece represent humanity itself, in all its glory and disdain.

Depicted in this image is a statue of the Greek God Asklepios. Asklepios was believed to be the God of Medicine and Healing and was highly respected by the people. The beautiful detail in which the Asklepios was forged is representative of the respect that was clearly shown for this important god.
Represented in the image is a statue of Zeus, King of the Gods and ruler of Mount Olympus. The small votive statue is one that an individual would keep in their home for prayer. This figure of Zeus is shown naked, a way of showing heroism and power. It represents the human body and the way the Greeks believed the Gods held human faults as well.
Pictured here is Mars, the Roman God of War and Agriculture, the two most prominent things in Roman life. Mars was second only to Jupiter in Roman culture. His long, flowing bronze toga is held together with a brooch and he wears a contemporary Roman helmet on his head rather than the typical head protection of soldiers. After a little research, I discovered that the statue originally held a spear in its raised hand and a shield in its lowered, representing Mars' tie to war.
This image is of the Roman God, Mercury, God of Merchandise and Travel. In the bronze statues hand is the classical hat with wings that Mercury is often seen wearing. The nude statue is indicative of the God's heroism. Here the God is taking a step forward, as if traveling alongside his followers just as Merchants were believed to pray for.
Pictured here is the Roman Goddess, Minerva. Minerva, Goddess of Wisdom and Art was highly prized among scholars and artists through out Rome. In the sculpture shown, Minerva is dressed in fine clothing and jewelry to show wealth. She also wears a helmet for war, but is extending her hand in peace. This is to show her tie to wisdom. She shows that war is not the only option nor is peace.
This bust represents Athena, Greek Goddess of Wisdom and Justice. Athena was often shown as an ally to heroes and a lover of heroic endeavor. Around her neck is the visage of Medusa, a priestess of the Temple of Athena, that the Goddess is believed to have cursed.
Shown in the image is a sculpture of Hercules, the son of Zeus and demigod of strength. Hercules was believed to be one of the greatest heroes in Greek history. Being the abandoned son of Zeus, he sought to reclaim his place among the Gods by performing heroic duties. These heroic acts probably led to the nude sculptures of the hero, as a tribute of honor as was classically done in both Greece and Rome.
Here, though missing its head, is a sculpture of Aphrodite, Goddess of Love and her minion/companion, Eros who assisted her with her duties. Aphrodite, Goddess of love and beauty is often shown nude and in a seductive pose to show the beautiful and ideal female figure. Many tales tell of Aphrodite's jealousy and how she would often curse women that grew to be more beautiful than she. This was used to show the side of humanity that the Goddess bore as well as a swipe at female behavior.
This is a statue of the Goddess Artemis, Greek Mistress of Animals. Artemis was believed to be the protector of young women and the curer of disease in women. This was a Goddess that was highly venerated by the women of Greece. This is clearly represented by the small, female child resting beneath the arm of Artemis and smiling, an act not common in Greek sculptures.
Shown is a bronze statue of the Greek God, Apollo, God of the Sun. As we already know, Apollo is depicted as naked to symbolize his heroism. His body is formed to represent the perfect male shape. His face is shaven, a way to display youth, vigor and beauty.
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