Poverty

Poverty

Poverty is an issue that is faced throughout all of the nations on Earth. Part of humanity is struggling to overcome what we are faced with. In my exhibition I aim to explore poverty within the 20th Century. I have explored poverty as a result of industrialisation, war, racism and migration. Through this I aim to allow the viewer to achieve a greater understanding of the suffering caused by poverty. My images have been arranged in chronological order to display the changing effects of poverty over time, and I have used the cultural frame to select these images, as they all provide a perspective on poverty through the 20th Century in the western world.

Alex Jasprizza

This image by french photographer Eugène Atget depicts a street vendor in Paris. Ragpickers like this man were outcasts in French society, and the shadow across this mans face emphasises this, and his poverty of both money and respect
Lewis Hine's photograph "A Little Shaver" depicts the effects of capitalism on poverty. Through Hine's use of the American stripes and star, he symbolises capitalist America. Hines frames this above a poor young boy, who seems overwhelmed by America. Through this Hines criticizes the injustices and imbalances within the American social hierarchy.
This image displays the adverse effects of industrialisation on the American people of the early 20th Century. Hine has depicted the effects of child labour on the individual. The crowded composition of this image, combined with the boys blank stare towards the camera, creates empathy for the subject and accentuates poverty in the USA at this time.
This image, also by Lewis Hine, displays both child labour and the effects of poverty on the urban environment. Through the framing of the subject by himself, in an empty, littered street, Hine conveys a sense of loneliness and poverty.
This image, by Dorothea Lange, displays the hardships faced by rural workers during the Great Depression in America. Lange was part of an organisation known as the Farm Security Administration (FSA), which aimed to highlight the struggle of farming and rural workers during the 1930s through a photography program. Through the composition, Lange achieves this. The use of the subject with his hat covering his face, and his body faced away from the crowd, shows him as an embodiment of all struggling farmers during the poverty of the Great Depression.
This Image depicts the 1936 bombing of Madrid during the Spanish Civil War. It displays war as a direct cause of poverty. Through the artist's use of destroyed buildings within the composition, they successfully display this to a great extent. The framing of the two soldiers at the bottom of the frame shows them as victims of the event rather than the cause. Through their placement among the tall, decaying buildings, the artist shows the two soldiers to be both poor in emotion and possessions.
This image by Walker Evans, who was also a member of the FSA, displays the racial imbalance within the American social hierarchy. The title suggests that racism within American society has led to an increased state of poverty within the African American population. The use of crooked lines within the composition through the poles holding the houses in place symbolises the instability of this economy.
This photograph is one of the most iconic of Lange's career. Through her use of black and white contrast, she accentuates the pain and suffering of the subject. Lange uses the woman's gaze into the distance to symbolise hope through the struggles of poverty.
Through Lange's manipulation of the structural frame, she displays intense emotions towards poverty in this image. Through the use of the subjects gaze, she emphasizes the sense of hope within the man in regards to finding employment. Despite this, his grim expression conveys the harsh realities of his life of poverty.
Gordon Parks was also a photographer for the FSA, and this image depicts poverty to a great extent. Through his use of high contrast, he accentuates the bone stricture within Mrs. Lucy Johnson's face, to show her hunger, starvation, and in turn, her poverty.
Credits: All media
This user gallery has been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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