life after the titan king- sara lebrecht

This gallery portrays what happened after the fall of Cronus (Kronos). The technical term is Titanomachy, it was a war that was fought between the Titans lead by Cronus and the Olympian gods lead by Zeus. The war lasted for ten years and ended in the defeat of the Titan pantheon, it was based on Mount Othrys. The new one was created on Mount Olympus. After the war the world was divided between Cronus’s three sons. In the gallery color and contrast is used to create meaning and enhance feeling within the representations of the gods.

This first piece shows the end of Titanomachy. With the war ending, the Olympians being victorious, Zeus condemned all the Titans except Themis and Prometheus to Tartarus, the equivalent of Hell within the underworld. In The Fall of the Titans, Cornelis uses almost analogous colors for the skin of the Titans and their allies, but at such varying tones that it causes a high amount of contrast. This contrast enhances the feeling of their chaotic punishment along with their facial expressions of despair. The contrast of white in the clouds above against their black and gray surroundings visually represents the Titans decent into Tartarus or Hell.
This piece is another depiction of how the war ended. Instead of showing you Tartarus, the equivalent of Hell in the underworld, it shows you from Mount Olympus. This is why the piece is so bright even though a war just happened. It shows you how much power the Olympians have.
With Kronos dethroned and the Titans no longer in power, Zeus along with his brothers Poseidon and Hades, divided the universe by drawing straws. Zeus won and became the king of the sky, as well as the ruler of mortals and gods. In this representation of Zeus there is a high contrast of white, black, and red to create a striking and imposing figure. The luminescent skin shining out of the dark clouds is a representation of the divinity of the king of gods.
When dividing the world, Hades drew the shortest straw becoming the ruler of the underworld. This painting of Hades represents the story of Orpheus and Eurydice. Orpheus, wanting to bring back his love from the depths of the underworld, enticed Hades with his expert musical talent and stroke a deal with the master of the underworld. Orpheus had to lead Eurydice out, but could not look back, and ultimately failed. In the painting, there is not an ominous shade, but a hopeful vale and color upon the couple in the story. The lighter colors in this narrative painting shows that, at times, Hades is a god of reason and not a personification of evil; as a lot of people believe him to be Satan’s equivalent.
This representation of Poseidon depicts his marriage to the sea nymph Amphitrite. Other deities such as Tritons and the Nereids surround the couple. In Neptune and Amphitrite, Frans Francken creates a very soft contrast between light tones of the cool green and turquoise background and the warm colors of the foreground. Making the entire painting low contrast with split complimentary colors focusing to the subject matter, the artist forces the viewer to examine the entire painting and all of its details. As the viewer examines the work they’ll notice Tritons blowing his horn in the center, then they come to Aphrodite and cupid to the left, eventually climbing up to Poseidon as he wilds his trident. Using light colors and tones, the artist really captures the joyous event.
After Kronos dethroned his father, Uranus prophesized that Kronos would also be overthrown by his son. Afraid of the prophecy coming true, Kronos ate his children. Filled with grief, his wife Rhea tricked him and saved her youngest child, Zeus. She hid Zeus in a cave on the island of Crete, where the goat Amalthea would raise him till he would become strong enough to retaliate against the Titans. In the painting, the background has a tetradic color scheme of low saturation setting a serene mood on the island. The women are cloaked in bright and vibrant colors bringing on a sense of happiness and cheerfulness. Overall the color scheme of the painting shows the delight in Zeus’s salvation.
This portrayal of the god of the underworld, represents the myth of Hades and Persephone. The daughter of a primeval goddess enchanted Hades with her beauty. Hades fell in love with Persephone and decided to kidnap her. Hades left the underworld; he traveled above ground to pursue her, while she was gathering flowers in a field. Legend has it that Persephone was unhappy with the arrangement, but after much time had passed, she came to love Hades. In the painting the surrounding is dark and ominous as the couple approaches the underworld. The goddess of springtime is shown in bright warm colors in contrast to Hades dark values to exemplify the abduction. Although, Hades is covered in a bright pink cloth to deter from evil assumption to show that this act was out of his love for the goddess.
In this piece by Salvator Rosa, we see the philosopher Pythagoras arising from the depths of Hades. Pythagoras claims while in Hades he witnessed the tortured souls of the poets Homer and Hesiod for betraying the secrets of the gods. In the depiction of Pythagoras arising from the underworld we see life illuminated in high value on the left compared to the dark death awaiting us all on the right. In the painting we see that in its dark shades not to anger the gods, for eternal punishment awaits.
Poseidon becomes ruler of the seas and its creatures after the Titanomachy. He was widely worshipped by sailors and married Amphitrite, one of the granddaughters of the Titan Oceanus. In this depiction of Poseidon, it seems that an ominous event is taking place due to the dark shades of the colors. However, within the dark shades, the viewer will notice the high contrast of red, white, and black; thus realizing they are viewing the splendor of the ocean, which many Greeks relied upon. As the viewer’s eyes gaze up they see the Nereids, the sea nymphs, who aided sailors through storms. No longer fixed on the focal point, the viewer sees Poseidon and his trident in the middle ground with skin and hair of higher value, representing his divinity and supremacy.
The front of this vase is showing a Greek hero, Theseus battling a Minotaur, a monster with a bull’s head and a human body. The Minotaur lived in a labyrinth on the island of Crete and devoured the human sacrifices that were sent as tributes from Athens. Theseus has just stabbed the beast and the blood is streaming from the wound. The youth and girl represent the fourteen youths and maidens that were saved from being sacrificed due to Theseus’s victory.
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