Dorothea Dix is a women known for reforming the treatment of the mentally ill and prisoners. She got the sense for this reform when she visited a prison in 1841. She learned children could be placed in the same cells as murderers and adult criminals. She also saw that prisoners and the mentally ill were chained and beaten. In debtor's prison, prisoners were locked up and not able to make any money, forcing them to stay imprisoned. Dorothea saw this as a major problem and worked extremely hard to gather information so she could one day write to the government. When she did do this, they addressed these issues and they made the changes she asked for. If it wasn't for Dorothea Dix, treatment of the mentally ill and prisoners would be very cruel. Since people usually didn't get out of prison, the government would be spending much more money on caring for prisoners, making taxes much higher. Casualties and injuries due to misbehavior would be much greater as well. Our society would not be as nice and friendly of a place.