A Trip around the world: Maps through the ages

Is it flat? Is it round? is a holy city the center of the world? This questions were once asked and believed by scientists. Maps throughout the centuries allow us to learn stories that might not otherwise be told. Today maps do not tell stores they tell directions and although these maps were used to describe the way. They tell the stories of the explorers and what was believed in society at the time. This exhibition will explore the role maps have played in reveling history and how it has shifted from story based to a more technical depiction through grid lines and latitudes. This selection of maps demonstrates the diversity of culture in these periods and the stories that can be told around the world through maps from mythical lands to the exploration of Samuel de Champlain. 

Mappa Mundi is the only copy of the earliest woodcut world map printed on a single sheet of paper in the fifteenth century. The depiction of the spherical world is based upon earlier medieval traditions that placed Jerusalem at the center, with the Garden of Eden at the top (east) and the Mediterranean Sea to the bottom (west).
World Map in a Double Hemisphere was created by Piri Reis between 1513-1553. This map is published in Piri Reis book "Book of Navigation" one of the most famous cartographical works of the period.
The scroll reads: "This map shows Colchide, part of Iberia, Armenia major, Mesopotamia and Caldea or Babylon. Colchide is very famous for the story of Medea, daughter of its king, who left with Jason who was here with the Argonauts to get the Golden Fleece...Armenia major has three very famous rivers, Eufrate, Tigri, Arasse and it is filled with very high mountains, on which the Ark of Noa set down after the flood...Babylon, first called Caldea, whose main city was Babilonia of the Assyrian, famous for the hanging gardens of Semiramisse.
The scroll reads: "This part of India out of the Gange reaches out in length up to Catai and there are many important things…In the mounts of Ava there are beautiful rubies, and in the mounts of Salgatgu there are also diamonds. In Caindu and in the nearby cities you exchange corals with money and in the sea they dive for beautiful pearls."
Pierre Duval produced a series of maps starting in 1661 based on a larger map created by Nicolas Sanson in 1656. They are all derivatives of Champlain’s 1632 landmark map of New France, published just two years before his death. One of the dominant features of these maps is the unfinished nature of the Great Lakes: they are open to the west
This map of the western hemisphere may be based on a 1648 map produced by the renowned Dutch cartographer Joan Blaeu. It shows North and South America and part of one of the islands of present-day New Zealand. Parts of Canada and Alaska were still completely unknown at this time.
This map of the eastern hemisphere may be based on a 1648 map produced by the renowned Dutch cartographer Joan Blaeu. Important trading regions such as Europe, Africa, India and Asia are shown in detail. Less was known about the region around Australia. Abel Tasman had sailed past the coast of Australia in 1642-44 and the parts of it that he charted are included in Blaeu’s 1648 map
The Mitchell Map created by John Mitchell, Mitchell initially conceived his map of North America in order to present the British public with a single large format image of all the colonies, in order to illustrate the extent of the French threat to the British claims in North America. Mitchell completed his first draft of the map in 1750. Mitchell's map was first published by Andrew Millar in 1755 with third and fourth in 1773 and 1775. Mitchell's map would become the primary political treaty map in American history. Mitchells Map would be regarded by many authorities as the most important map in the history of American cartography.
Suseon jeondo (Map of Seoul)published in 1861 is a wood-block print map of Seoul made by Kim Jeongho (1804–66), the leading geographer of the Joseon Dynasty in the 1840s. The word Suseon indicates Seoul, which was the capital and called Hanyang at that time, and jeondo means the complete map.
Jean-Claude Dezauche printed the updated version of the map of Guillaume Delisle (1675-1726) and Philippe Buache (1700-1773).. This map represents the evolution of cartography during the transition between the 17th and 18th centuries involved advancements on a technical level, as well as those on a representative level. At this point the map developed "from a tool used to affirm the administrative borders of the reign and its features…into a tool which was necessary to intervene in territory and thus establish control of it.”
This map was based on the first survey of Japan, done by Ino Tadataka (1745-1818). It was completed after his death in 1821 and presented to the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Map of the state of New York, outlining and naming the counties and showing Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. There is a ten-line text that reads: Lake Erie is the celebrated scene of Perry's victory Over a British fleet, September 10 1818. Lake Champlain is celebrated for the victory gained by Macdonough over a British fleet of far superior force, Sept. 11, 1814. Long Island is the most important island belonging to the State of New York. 140 miles in length and from 10 to 15 broad; contains three counties and numerous flourishing towns, population 67,000. Population of the State of New York in 1820 was 1,372,812. Albany is the Capital.
A Shiviti is a plaque or paper inscribed with Psalms 16:8 "I am ever mindful of the Lord's presence." This example is highly unusual in that its purpose as set forth by the biblical quotation at top center is combined with a detailed topographic map of holy sites of the land of Israel. The purpose of these panoramic maps is stated in the inscription of the inner borders: to remind the viewer of the places and people associated with the land of Israel. It is a purpose which harmonizes well with that of a shiviti, since the land of Israel and the events that took place there are major themes of Jewish liturgy.
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