This virtual exhibit is focused on some of the many gods of ancient Egypt. Each exhibit is focused on one of the gods or goddesses and how they were commonly portrayed in the ancient Egyptian culture. The exhibit is also intended to educate the viewer on the different gods and goddesses and the mythology behind them. In this exhibit the viewer will explore images of the goddess Isis and the gods Osiris, Horus, Amun-Re, and Thoth.
The viewer will not only be able to see how these gods and goddess were commonly portrayed but they will also learn their mythology. For example the mythology behind Isis, Osiris and Horus is a story of love, jealousy, murder and revenge. In Chapter 10 of Ancient Egypt Dr. Robert K. Ritner explains that Osiris and Isis were born from the Gods Nut and Geb. Osiris was originally made the king of the earth before being killed by his brother Seth. Seth killed Osiris because he was jealous of his kingship and marriage; he tricked Osiris into getting into a coffin, which he then threw into the Nile drowning Osiris. Seth later who his body across the earth to keep it from Isis. Osiris’s wife and sister Isis collected his parts and brought him back to life before having a child with him named Horus who would avenge his father by defeating Seth. Osiris then became the king of the underworld. Because of his mummification by his wife Osiris is commonly represented as a mummy because the God of mummification, Anubis, helped Isis in the process (Ritner, 134-135).
There is also Amun-Re who is a manifestation of the sun. Amun-Re is a mix between two gods, Amun and the sun god Re. According to Dr. James P. Allen in chapter 9 of Ancient Egypt Amun-Re is “usually depicted as a man with two tall plumes” (Allen, 119). In this exhibit Amun-Re is depicted in this way with a crown of two plumes.
Finally there is Thoth, the god of wisdom and writing. He is also the god of the scribes and he records the events of each person’s judgment after they die and try to get into the afterlife (Ismail, 660). In her article Thoth, Shaza Gamal Ismail notes that Thoth “was depicted in either one of two forms, an ibis or a baboon. The most popular representation was a human form with the head of one of those animals” (Ismail, 660). In this exhibit Thoth is represented simply by the Ibis and not half man and half animal as he commonly was portrayed.
Each of the gods or goddesses in ancient Egyptian mythology had a specific purpose or task that they are responsible for Such as Osiris who is the king of the underworld or Thoth who is the god of scribes. Additionally each god is represented in his or her own unique way. For example Thoth is represented by an Ibis (Ismail, 660). Osiris, the God of the underworld is represented as a man who is mummified most likely because his wife Isis had to mummify him after his brother Seth killed him. Works Cited Allen, James P. and Robert K. Ritner. David P. Silverman, ed. Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. Print. Ismail, Shaza Gamal. "Thoth." Encyclopedia of African Religion. Ed. Molefi Kete Asante and Ama Mazama. Vol. 2. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2009. 660-662. Print.