Power of Man

Women's role in society has changed drastically over time; Both Freud and Sophocles display a similar theme in their works "Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis" and "Antigone" in that they degrade, devalue, and disrespect women which has a profound impact on the views of women in today's society. Freud most commonly disrespects women, he sees them as nothing more than a sex object used to satisfy men. Antigone on the other hand, focuses on over powering women and proving that no woman has the right to undermine or disobey any man in society, especially without being punished. The similar and different ways that Freud and Sophocles present the this theme are portrayed in the following gallery. 

In Sophocles "Antigone," it is evident that women know that they must do, say, and feel everything that men tell them to. In the story, Isemene, Antigone's sister, supports this fact precisely in her statement "we must remember that we two are women so not to fight with men" (Sophocles 5).
Freud viewed women as sex toys. He felt that they were not good for anything more. "Women oppose change, receive passively, and add nothing of their own" (Cherry). They lived to satisfy man and that was their role in society.
In Sophocles work, the women have a specific role in society. In Antigone, it is the noble duty of the women to perform burials and rituals. But, Sophocles exercises his power over women by stating "no burial of any kind. No wailing, no public tears" (4).
Freud's theory of Penis Envy also supports the theme because he viewed the women as inferior due to their lack of male genitalia. "Girls hold their mother responsible for their lack of a penis and do not forgive her for their being thus put at a disadvantage" (Freud 147).
In "Antigone", punishment is used to maintain control for men which is why Creon made the original decision to kill both Antigone and Ismene. "Listen, if she is not punished for taking the upper hand I am not a man. She would be a man" (Sophocles 22).
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