The Human being is the only animal That...

Since this country's founding, some of our biggest fights have been over the question of who's covered by the timeless principles stated in the Declaration of Independence (namely, "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”). Who's "all men"? Who's a "person," with a right to equality before the law? African Americans? Women? Fertilized eggs? Dogs? Notions of full personhood have evolved over the last two centuries. Today's debates raise new questions about "personhood" and protection from exploitation by law, at the same time as artificial intelligence and zoology challenge us to redraw the boundaries of selfhood.

Carries a conversation? Philosopher John Lucas says that if we fail to prevent bots from fooling judges, it will be “not because machines are so intelligent, but because humans ... are so wooden.”
Makes tools?? Since Gilgamesh's day, humans have prided themselves on the technologies that enable us to make non-human nature serve human purposes. But at what moral and environmental cost?
"People model themselves on the Earth. The Earth models itself on Heaven. Heaven models itself on the Way. The Way models itself on what is natural" --The Daodejing, Chapter 25
Reasons its way to peace? Freud argues that our conscious choices are shaped by primitive motivations toward sexual pleasure and aggression. Deep down, we are at war with ourselves; so, we go to war.
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