Era of reform

America starts to change

Slaves were a serious topic during the Era of Reform. Some slaves died from harsh work. Owners loved having slaves because they didn’t have to do as much work. Slaves escaped through underground railroads to safe houses. Lead by Harriet Tubman and more. Some of the reforms were the civil war (North against south), Freeing slaves, posters, small rebellions,and the underground railroad. Slavery was common in the north and growing in the south. Frederick Douglass became a leader in the reform. Frederick Douglass thought slaves were against Christianity. Slavery ended in the late 1800s.
During this time only men and few women could go to school. Horace Mann thought that education should be free and open to all. He lead the reform for public education. Many people listened to him. Universities even started to except girls. The first college to accept students of any gender or race was Oberlin College. Another school to accept any race was an all girls school run by Prudence Crandall. She allowed African Americans to learn at her school. Many people took their children out because they disagreed but she still taught African Americans. There were more people who affected the education system but these were a few of the most known.
The treatment before was horrible. Prisoners were chained, beaten, and abused. Children were thrown in with major criminals for minor theft. Mentally ill were thrown in dark rooms and whipped. Debtors were thrown in prison and couldn’t work to earn money. Dorothea Dix suggested changes for the prisoners treatment. She persuaded Massachusetts and other states to outlaw cruel punishments and helped establish justice systems for children. She also affected the views and opinions on women too.
Women weren’t allowed to vote, teach, etc. They were beat, punished, and couldn’t talk back. Some of the reform leaders were Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Blackwell,and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. These people started to form groups to help women be able to talk freely. The situation was similar to slavery.
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