The Protestant Reformation in the early 16th century had lead not only to new religions being formed, but it also resulted in people re-evaluting their spiritual selves. The main discontent reformers, such as Martin Luther and John Calvin, had with the Catholic Church was they felt the Church was breaking away from the Bible and were practicing and preaching according to social traditions. Many Protestant leaders preached about how people needed to be less concerned with owning as many worldly possessions as possible, and instead people should be more focused on their souls and making sure their souls go to heaven. This gallery will show how in the late 15th century, during the Reformation, and after the Reformation, genre scenes, portraits, religious scenes and figures, and manuscripts, were breaking away from worldly possessions and so called vanities. In almost all the images there is usually a skull and/or an hourglass. These objects were meant to serve as a reminder to how fragile and limited human life is on Earth. Especially, with the images where a skull is surrounded by other objects, these paintings were meant to serve as a reminder that when you pass from this life into the next you cannnot bring your worldly possessions into heaven. The only thing you can bring is our soul and that is what will be measured when you enter heaven, according to Protestant leaders at the time.