Roman Government

Rome was formed upon a monarchy. Struggles among social classes most likely brought the formation of the republic. In the republic, there were two consuls who ruled. Later, the republic became an empire as Rome began to expand their land even more. At first the empire still held onto some of the republican traditions. As the emperors became more powerful, the power of the senate diminished greatly. (Francine, Nate, Louis) 

This bronze tablet is the oldest surviving Roman Senatorial decree in Latin. It prohibits the Bacchanalia festival, a rite related to the cult of Bacchus (god of wine)
Gaius Caesar, nicknamed Caligula or "Little Boot," became the Roman emperor in 37 A.D., and adopted the name Gaius Caesar Germanicus. Cassius Chaerea murdered him in 41 A.D. at the Palatine Games because he was a cruel and unreasonable leader.
This painting tells about the assassination of Julius Caesar using four sequential scenes (read left to right). First, priests warned Caesar not to go to the Senate. Next, Caesar refused to look at the scroll that identified the conspirators and their plans. Then, the conspirators stabbed Caesar. Finally, Caesar is placed in honor on his funeral pyre. Interestingly, the costumes and setting are late 15th-century Italian, but viewers at that time would have recognized this as a scene from ancient Rome since it depicts the famous story of Caesar's assassination. In addition, the artist included Trajan's column on the right side.
Trajan's Column is a Roman column in Rome that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. The column is about 98 feet in height, with a large, 17 feet tall pedestal.
On the right side is Batavian general Claudius Civilis and on the left side the Roman general Quintus Petillis Cerialis. They are negotiating after the failure of the Batavian revolt. Between them is an angel of peace offering each of them an olive branch. They agreed upon a peace treaty, which brought a period of great prosperity for the Batavians.
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