Role of women in the past

The role of women is portrayed differently through the works of Freud and Sophocles.  Freud interprets women as inferior to men because of their lack of a penis.  He calls it "penis envy" because girls want to own a penis to feel masculine and to have power (Freud 394).  In Sophocles Antigone, women are portrayed as obedient servants to men, except Antigone who defies orders from the king (Sophocles 6).  Both these works portray women in a way in which it seems males are the more dominant gender in life.  Throughout the years, people have been pushing for equality of genders in every setting around the world.  Both these works can be portrayed through this gallery.

Freud describes the human genitals using symbols. Freud uses the tree to symbolize the penis because of the fact that trees, "are long and up-standing" (Freud 190). Freud theorized that girls wished they had a penis growing up so that they could be like boys and have power among society
Girls expressed the desire to own a penis by showing frustration to their mothers for not giving them one. They eventually gain affection for their fathers in a Electra complex, much of the opposite of the Oedipus complex. This artwork represents the need for women to own a penis, as represented by the umbrellas which was a symbol for a penis (Freud 190).
Freud states that, "they develop a wish to be a man - a wish that reemerges later on, in any neurosis that may arise" meaning that women develop a sense of psychological problems if women try to deviate their role in society (Freud 394). This painting represents the dark, gloomy feeling that women felt during the time period along with repression from showing their bodies.
Freud mentions that Hebrew literature represents women as, "it is very common to find a woman represented by a house" and "that ovens represent woman" all of which are stereotypical of women in the past (Freud 199-200. This is the norm for women and if they get out of the norm, then Freud thinks that there might be some psychological problems.
Antigone goes against the king much like a protest, "she does not accept male authority and she threatens the order of the city by violating an order of the king" to bury her beloved brother (Sophocles xxvi). Going against societies norms in Freud's view is a sign of psychological problems, some of which Antigone has shown.
Ismene abides by the king and the rules by society, "we are women and we do not fight with men. We're subject to them because they're stronger" which shows that Ismene follows the norms of society (Sophocles 5). Freud might consider Ismene "healthy" because she follows the rules set by society. This artwork represents the feeling of a good society in which everyone is following the norms set by society.
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