New Beginnings is a group of five works I have put together by artist from the Netherlandish Painting Period (Robert Campin), Early Renaissance Period (Piero della Francesca), High Renaissance Style (Raphael), Venetian Renaissance (Titian) and the High Renaissance and Mannerist period in Northern Europe and Spain (Albrecht Durer). These paintings are placed in my gallery earliest to more recent to show the changes in stylistic preferences carried out by the artist, each creating new stylistic “periods” of art.
Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece) Merode Altarpiece by Robert Campin, a netherlandish painter and leading painter of Tournai, is the most famous work by the “Master of Flemalle”. The piece was produced in oil paint on wood and is found today in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. A common sigh in the period, the Merode Altarpiece is a small altarpiece for household prayer but is set apart from the many by its striking images integrating religious and secular concerns. Religion and religious pieces for worship and prayer were a huge part of Flemish life.
Portraits of the Duke and Duchess of Urbino A portrait of the Duchess of Urbino, this piece is most commonly found alongside and facing her Duke. This piece was one of several commissions Piero Della Francesca was given by Federico in the Early Renaissance, a period focusing around artwork dedicated to showing the importance and power of individuals of wealth. Portrayed here is Battista Sforza, the late wife of Federico de Montefeltro.
Madonna in the Meadow Madonna in the Meadow by the famous Raphael is produced in Oil on wood and is certainly found in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. Raphael has composed his piece emulating Leonardo’s pyramidal composition, very common of the high renaissance style, but differed his Madonna by setting her in a well-lit landscape and portrayed her with grace, dignity and beauty. Raphael has also borrowed the subtle chiaroscuro in his faces and figures from Leonardo. Raphael quickly received fame for his Madonnas largely in part by his preference in clarity.
Venus of Urbino Venus of Urbino, by Titian is a work created at the height of his powers during the Venetian Renaissance period for Guidobaldo II, who became the Duke of Urbino the following year. The piece contains the medium of oil on canvas, 3’11 X5’5 and certainly found in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence, Italy. Titian established oil color on canvas as the preferred painting medium in Western art. A breaking piece, Titian established the compositional elements and the standard for painting of the reclining female nude, regardless of the intent of divine or mortal.
Adam and Eve Adam and Eve, also known as Fall of Man, by Albrecht Durer was created during the High Renaissance and Mannerism in Northern Europe and Spain. This work is an engraving, 9 7/8 X 7 5/8, certainly found in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. This piece presents Durer’s concept of the “perfect” male and female figures, paired with naturalism by rendering the background with foliage and animals. The animals populating the print are symbolic of the “four humors”. Durer was the first Northern Renaissance artist to achieve international celebrity. This work reflects Durer’s studies of the Vitruvian theory of human proportions.