The Unconscious IN FREUD'S INTRODUCTORY LECTURES ON PSYCHO-ANALYSIS AND ANTIGONE

The unconscious mind is a common theme that both the Introductory Lectures and Antigone share, as Freud offers an structured explanation of the mind. Freud proposed the id is the unconscious part of the mind which controls instinctual drives for things such as pleasure and satisfaction (Freud xx). The ego, or partly conscious part of the mind protect against the drives of the id and navigates between the super-ego, which houses the conscience, and determines what is right and wrong through a cultural lens (Cunningham-Bryant, 2/24/14). In Antigone, the character Antigone personifies the Id while the Ismene personifies the super-ego, as Antigone breaks cultural norms through her desire for incest and transcending the traditional, stereotypical gender roles of a woman.  

This artwork serves to represent the proper burial that Antigone's brother Polynices did not receive as order by Creon, which drives the plot of the play (Sophocles 1505).
This artwork represents the normally repressed Id, or instinctual driving force in Antigone, as the forbidden love Antigone has for her brother as she states she will "lie with him" (Sophocles 1574).
This artwork of a woman killing herself represents Antigone personifies the unrestricted instinctual demands of the Id and is willing to die if it means she can be with her brother (Sophocles 1575).
This artwork of a freed slave represents the unrestricted Id that Antigone personifies. Antigone does not have to act within her cultural norms the superego provides, as she directly defies Creon.
This artwork represents Ismene, who personifies the superego that determines what is right and wrong. Ismene does not aid her sister in her task as she fears the consequences (Sophocles 1536).
This picture of a servant shows that Ismene as the super-ego is obedient to what her culture deems acceptable. She submits herself to traditional gender roles and is not willing to challenge a man.
This artwork of a woman cooking plays on the modern "make me a sandwich" stereotype of the role of women as Ismene states she will obey men in charge (Sophocles 1554).
Finally, this artwork showing a leader creating rules represents that Ismene is subject to what is culturally accepted and does not step outside those bounds. She obeys the law even if it wrongs her.
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