Life During the great depression

The Dust Bowl was an agricultural, economic and social disaster that took place during the 1930's on the Great Plains of the U.S. Poor farming practices, severe drought and high winds left much of the farmland unusable. Severe dust storms created blackouts and killed thousands forcing many families to migrate west.
Shanty towns also known as Hoovervilles, are on the outskirts of towns usually by trash dump sites, parks, railroad tracks, and rivers. They were named "Hoovervilles" after president Herbert Hoover, who they blamed for the Great Depression. They are settlements built from metal scraps, cardboard and plastic. They were built by homeless people in the Great Depression.
New Deals was a series of economic policies made by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The policies were made to relief people that were stuck in poverty due to the Great Depression. The New Deals programs were named the 3 "Rs" after Roosevelt. The Rs stood for Relief, Reform, and Recovery. These programs made sure that something like the Great Depression wouldn't happen again.
Breadlines were run by private churches and charitie, until the government took over some of them. Many people couldn't afford to feed their families during the Great Depression, so they relied on breadlines to feed their families. One of the early breadlines was created by Al Capone, he did this to clear his image.
Soup Kitchens were run by private charities and churches. A soup kitchen served from 1,000 to 3,000 people a day. Soup and bread was served because soup was economical and you could add more water to serve more people. Al Capone ran the first soup kitchen in Chicago, his soup kitchen served food three times a day. There are still soup kitchens today for the homeless.
Hoboing was a big part in the Great depression. most hobos left their house at a young age, and were sheltered by older hobos. Younger hobos would be fed more than older hobos because of their age, so many took advantage of that. Hobo life was not only for single men, but also families who were forced to live that life because of the Great depression.
The Hoover Dam was built to control flooding and provide irrigation. It would also generate and sell hydroelectric power to make up for the cost of building it. The water was divided among 7 states; Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and California. People left to Los Angeles to see if they could be able to work on the new project. This gave them new jobs to overcome the Great Depression.
The Bonus Army was created when the government failed to give meaningful benefits to veterans from WWI. 43,000 marchers marched with their families in Washington D.C. The government had voted to give $1.25 bonus for each day served. When the Great depression started, the veterans demanded their mmoney.
The Civilian Conservation Corps was one of the first New Deal programs. It was created to promote environmental coservation and to keep kids off the street. It was created for men ages 18-23 but later changed to 17-28. The CCC operated separate programs for veterans and Native Americans.
Dorothea Lange was a photographer during the Great Depression. She photographed unemployed men who wandered the streets. She was also a photographer for the WWII to take pictures of the Japanese Americans. She had her first exhibit in 1932.
The Migrant mother is Florence Owens Thompson and her children in 1936. The photo was taken by Dorothea Lange in California. She had been living off of frozen vegetables and birds that her children killed. The "Migrant Mother" had let Dorothea take a picture of her because she thought it might help the difficulty of the working poor.
The Works Progress Administration was the largest New Deals agency.It was meant to employ as many people as possible, and to benefit local communities in the long run. It employed millions of unemployed people to work on public projects. This included the construction of roads and public buildings.
The Tennessee Valley Authority was a project created by the federal government. This project dealt with floods, deforestation, and eroded land. The TVA tried to reduce these problems by teaching better farming methods, replanting trees, and building dams.This project created a lot of jobs, and conserved water power.
Herbert Hoover had been president for eight months when the stock market crashed. Hoover worked to fix the economy after that. He refused to involve the federal government to control businesses and fix the prices, because he felt they were steps to socialism. Many people blamed him for the Great Depression.
Franklin Roosevelt lead the United States through the Great Depression. He made the program the New Deal, which expanded the role of federal government. He tried to create programs to employ those who were unemployed. He helped by created jobs for public projects, like the construction of new roads and public buildings.
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