The Influence of the Ladies

In both Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud and Antigone by Sophocles, translated by Peter Meineck and Paul Woodruff, women are depicted as weak figures that ought to be repressed; however, while the view of women remains constant throughout Freud’s lectures, the view changes throughout Antigone. The dynamic between men and women is altered in Antigone. This altered dynamic is used to demonstrate the theme that a person doesn't choose his own fate; he has no free will. This theme is also present in Freud’s lectures, but instead of fate being the restrictor of free will, it is the individual’s instinctual desires that restrict his ability to choose for himself.

An aggressive man and submissive women demonstrate Freud's societal ideals and Sophocles's depiction of women's roles (Meineck 25).
Freud thinks of women only as their physical bodies, as objects meant to be utilized to produce men's satisfaction (Freud 188).
This white statue of a woman on a white background makes the woman seem insignificant, just part of her surroundings. This is how women are viewed at first in both novels.
An example of a male sex symbol, viewed by Freud as proof of penis envy (Freud 394), which exists because women want more power. Creon believes this is why Antigone acts out.
The borders of the house, domestic life, try to contain women such as Antigone, but their light, their influence and true power, exists outside their supposed boundaries.
This work depicts Creon’s state after he has realized his mistakes and his lack of free will (Meineck 58-60) while also linking to Freud’s ideas regarding unconscious sexual drives (Freud 139, 313).
This depiction of a monster's imprisonment reflects Creon's realization that he has no control over his life (Meineck 60).
Sophocles finds that we are all victims of fate. Freud finds that we are all victims of our instinctual desires. In any case, free will is a false concept.
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