THE WAR THAT CHANGED THE CARIBBEAN, THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR                       -JOSH ROMERO

A collection of the historical war between the Spanish colonies of the Caribbean, Guam, Philippine and America. Includes both sides of the war along with recognition of those who fought bravely for what they believed in. This collection The Spanish-American War  will only consist of Black and White Prints. This medium was chosen so that we may see what they were actually going through without any bias. 

A company of U.S soldiers can be seen here celebrating near a trench from their victory after hearing the Spanish surrender at Santiago, Cuba during the Spanish-American War. Movement can be seen in this print. Along with the cheering crowd, the tree leans towards on side, as if the wind is blowing. A closer look at the clouds shows that they are also moving towards the left of the print.
This print is the sunken remains of the USS Maine. The sinking of this ship was the reason why America and Spain declared war on each other. The emphasis/focus of this print is clearly the damages of the once grand USS Maine. The background shows us some buildings, but majority of the print is concentrated at the remains. Where the water is shallow, you can see some of the parts of the ship.
Some wounded Spanish prisoners are seen here lying on the ground. They were outside of Brigade hospital on San Juan Hill in San Juan, Cuba. Unity can be seen here as a principle of design. The print captures the look of men that have been at war; wounded men lay around under a tree. The tropical vegetation around brings everything in together, making the print look as if everything is supposed to be consolidated together. If one of the elements were missing, then the print would not fully capture the sense of completion.
This is a group of Spanish prisoners gathered for lunch during the Spanish American War. The principle of design that is most noticeable within this print is asymmetrical balance. Although the print is not identically mirrored or equally distributed, the print is harmoniously balanced because the men are all in the same uniform and posed for the picture. Nothing within the print stands out to distract the viewer's concentration.
This is a print of Sternberg Hospital, Third Army Corps, Camp Thomas. The people out on the porch are Nurses and convalescent patients during the Spanish American War. The principle of design that this print has would be proportion. The hospital/building in the background is large, giving a sense of scaling for the viewers. The viewer can see those on the porch and guess how many people were being treated due to the size of this building. This print was taken in 1898, were most military installations were mere huts or tents.
This is a platoon of African American soldiers during Basic Training at Camp Wikoff preparing for the Spanish American War. The principle of design that will be discussed is emphasis for this print. The viewer really can not tell anything that may be in the background. The emphasis of this print is clearly just the platoon of men that are clearly portrayed.
This is a print of the trench warfare that infantrymen fought in during the siege of Santiago which ended after 17 days of fighting after the battle of San Juan, Cuba. The print is well proportioned, giving the viewer a sense of how the layout of how the trench was used to combat those of the opposing side. The viewer can also look towards the background and see how the landscape was laid out.
During the Spanish American War, fighting was not only done in the Caribbean. This print of a camp was taken during that war in the Philippines. The principle of design that will be discussed is emphasis. Although we can see the soldiers in a formation, they are not as emphasized as their surroundings. The building and the plants grab the viewer's attention, taking it away from the men.
The Secretary of War is the horse-drawn carriage while he reviews the troops that are training for the Spanish American War. The principle of design that will be discussed for this print is emphasis. The viewer can clearly make out the people on the carriage, but the man that is actually closer is blurred out. Probably because of rank structure, the attention/emphasis was on the higher officials and less on the troops.
In this print, Major General Arthur MacArthur (second from the left) is standing along side his staff. The principle of design used here would be asymmetrical balance. The viewer has a clear image with no distractions making this print harmonious. The tree and the building have just as much detail as the men in the forefront of the print.
Credits: All media
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