There are a couple of things that Islamic religious art is forbidden to depict. One major thing is that it is forbidden to depict their prophet, Muhammad. This christian art is a good example of a difference since it is able to depict Jesus.
Because of the rules on Islamic art that forbids certain things, it has led to a greater emphasis on geometric patterns depicted as well as floral designs to be depicted. This art piece perfectly encapsulates that.
One thing that would be allowed in secular Islamic rather than the religious kind is the depiction of living things such as people or animals. In this example of this, the bowl has a depiction of a human on it.
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