The Red Scare
The Cold War at Home
In 1947, President Truman created the "Truman Doctrine," which presented the policy of international anti-communism that would function as the basis for U.S. policy during the Cold War.
Truman also took measures to end domestic communism. Government workers could be dismissed if there were “reasonable grounds” to assume they were communists.
FBI director J. Edgar Hoover lead surveillance and investigations to find and detain alleged communists in the U.S.
Hoover condemned communism for being a “moral foe to Christianity,” and that it was “secularism on the march.”
The House Committee of Un-American Activities (HUAC) investigated communist infiltration of government, Hollywood, education, and labor unions. One of their most famous cases was that of Alger Hiss.
Attorney General Tom Clark worked alongside Truman to publicize the names of "subversive" groups affiliated with the Communist Party. He often allowed Truman to by-pass civil liberties.
Like many politicians during the Red Scare, senator McCarthy used anti-communist sentiment to attack democrats and any form of socialism.
The Communist Party was one of the only racially integrated U.S. political institutions that actively opposed racist policies in the south. After the Red Scare, the party lost half its membership.
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